The Trump administration has announced that Americans can sue foreign companies doing business in Cuba to confiscate property confiscated there from Americans.
The move marks a sharp change in US policy towards Cuba and has been rejected by Canada and European countries threatened to sue.
It is seen as an attempt to curb investment in Cuba for the support of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro.
The Cuban Revolution of 1
The political change was announced during a speech in Miami by National Security Advisor John Bolton commemorating the 58th anniversary of the failed, US-backed efforts to invade Cuba through the Bay of Pigs.
"Americans who have stolen their private and hard-earned property in Cuba will finally be allowed to sue," Bolton said Wednesday.
Speaking to veterans of the attempted Bay of Pigs invasion, Bolton said the changes would "honor their courage and the memory of all those lost"
. He described the new initiative as "reversing the damage" of the Obama Administration, which sought to normalize diplomatic and economic relations with Cuba.
"Under this administration, we do not throw lifelong dictatorships," Bolton said. "We take her away."
Speaking in Miami last year, Mr Bolton referred to Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua as a "troika of tyranny" and said their governments clarified the consequences of the "dangers that would have left the poisonous ideologies unchecked".
The US accuses Cuba of sending thousands of troops to Venezuela to shore up the regime of embattled President Nicholás Maduro.
A flood of lawsuits
The change comes from the Helms-Burton law passed by Congress In 1996, a provision of this law was repeatedly suspended.
The approval of this provision, called Title III, means that Americans whose property was confiscated after the Cuban Revolution can now sue accused companies
It is believed that this Real estate houses on the beach, ports operated by cruise companies, and many other investments related to the tourism sector in Ve include some other industries.
Mr. Bolton also said Wednesday that anyone who traded in property stolen in America will not receive a visa for the United States.
The European Union has warned that all litigation against foreign companies is likely to face counter-claims and is vowed to bring the US to resolve the dispute in the World Trade Organization.
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"We believe that the issue of outstanding claims of the US does not coincide with the promotion of democracy and human rights in Cuba or with our common urge The resolution of the crisis in Venezuela should be linked to a peaceful and democratic stance, "EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini and EU Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmström wrote to US Secretary of State Mike in a letter dated 10 April Pompeo.
Canada's Secretary of State Chrystia Freeland said in a statement on Wednesday that "Canada is deeply disappointed with today's announcement. We will consider all options in response to this US decision. "
She added that she had spoken with Canadian companies" to reaffirm that we are pursuing the interests of Canadians, legitimate trade and investment with Cuba "Full Defense."
Johana Tablada, deputy director for US affairs in Cuba, wrote on Twitter: "Before they try to euphorically ride a wave of malice and lies they should take a dose of reality. The world has ordered John Bolton and the US government to end the criminal blockade against Cuba and the Helms-Burton Act.
Critics note that some of the "managed" plots are often have changed hands ever since they were nationalized in the six decades since the revolution that had brought Fidel Castro to power
and later became an American citizen, may also file lawsuits under the new policy.
President Obama's suspension of some of the trade and travel restrictions between the two nations remains a trade embargo that can only be alleged by repealing the regulations.
EU Ambassador to Albania, Alberto Navarro, said Associated Press: "The extraterritorial application of the US embargo is illegal and violates international law."
In addition, to the H Mr Bolton announced several other changes to US Cuba policy. New restrictions on non-family travel to Cuba called "Disguised Tourism" are introduced, as well as new restrictions on transfers to Cuba.
Mr Bolton also announced additional sanctions against the Venezuelan central bank and Bank Bancorp in Nicaragua and against Laureano Ortega, a son of President Daniel Ortega.
In his remarks he also warned that "all external actors, including Russia" should not take "provocative measures" in support of Mr. Maduro.