U.S.. Asylum officials criticized President Trump's policy of forcing migrants to stay in Mexico while awaiting hearings in the United States, and called on a federal appeals court to prevent the administration from continuing the program. Officials involved in the implementation of the policy said that they threaten the lives of migrants and "run counter to the moral fabric of our nation."
Union representing Asylum Officers Filed a Friend of the Court This letter was written by the American Civil Liberties Union and other groups questioning Trump's program to protect migrants, who have sent 12,000 asylum-seeking migrants to Mexico since January Has. The policy aims to prevent migrants from entering the US and preventing them from leaving the country while the courts weigh their demands.
The union argued that politics was in direct violation of the nation's long-standing view that asylums and refugees should find a way to escape persecution in their home countries The United States embraces its status as a safe haven since its inception ̵
" Asylum officials are required to protect vulnerable asylum seekers from persecution, "said the United Federation of Local Government Officials 1924, which represents 2,500 federal employees, including asylum officials, in a 37-page lawsuit at the Ninth Court of Appeals in California. "You should not be forced to comply with departmental policies that are fundamentally against the moral fabric of our nation and our international and national legal obligations."
Under Trump, the asylum section has become a target of internal anger, which is frequently attacked to sanction most initial asylum examinations and send migrants to an immigration court for full hearing. Trump administration officials say most cases are ultimately rejected. Last week, incumbent director of US Immigration and Citizenship Services, Ken Cuccinelli, outraged some asylum officials by sending them an e-mail criticizing them for having approved so many initial examinations Part of his effort has been to put immigration policy to the test, and legal union submission seems to be in direct conflict with this approach.
Politics was challenged before a federal court, with a minor judge temporarily detaining MPP in April saying it was likely to violate federal law. A nine-member panel of the Ninth Circle allowed the program to be resumed in May while the court reviewed the legality of the policy.
Justice Department lawyers have stated in court records that migrant families file thousands of fake suits for practically guaranteeing their release to the United States until a hearing before the backward immigration tribunals. The US government can not deal with migrants' cases quickly or detain them for extended periods of time, which means that some migrants can stay in the country for months or years while they wait for their cases to happen.
At the conclusion of the program, government lawyers said, "They would do considerable damage to the government's ability to handle the crisis on our southern border. "
The Department of Justice declined to comment on Wednesday evening. The Ministry of Homeland Security, which oversees the program, did not respond to a request for comment.
The influx of Central American migrants on the southern border has overwhelmed the US immigration system. It has also led to a political struggle between the Congressional Democrats and the White House over the overcrowded and unsanitary conditions at border security facilities when Trump pushed for increased enforcement. More than 144,000 migrants were arrested in May after crossing the southern border, the largest monthly total in more than a decade, and the number of asylum applications has risen.
Trump administration officials this week asked Congress to approve emergency funding for the humanitarian crisis at the border. The Senate responded on Wednesday and adopted a $ 4.6 billion emergency as part of debates on the treatment of migrants and the risks they face in their attempt to enter the United States. In the photo, a migrant and his young daughter in the Rio Grande drowned as a background.
In federal court files, asylum officials say that they enforce the laws as envisaged by Congress, based on approaches and international treaties drawn up after World War II, and atrocities related to the Holocaust. The federal laws are based on the principle of "non-refoulement". This means that people should not be sent back to countries where they could be injured or killed. In order to qualify for asylum, migrants need to prove that they are harmed because of their "race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion".
Asylum officials say Mexico is too dangerous for Central American asylum seekers. especially women, gay, lesbian and transsexual persons as well as indigenous minorities. They cited US State Department reports stating that gang violence and activity is widespread and that crimes are rarely cleared up.
"Mexico is simply not safe for Central American asylum seekers," the report says, finding that gangs terrorized migrants in their home countries could easily follow them to Mexico. "And although the Mexican government has committed itself to protecting the rights of asylum seekers, it has not been able to provide this protection."
Asylum officials say the US asylum system is "not, as the government claims, fundamentally broken." "And that they could handle more cases faster without sending people back to Mexico.
MPP is" completely unnecessary because our immigration system has the foundation and agility needed to manage the migration flow through our southern border, "he said the officials said in the filing room.
The officials said they fear that the MPP will send asylum seekers back to a country where they are in danger, which is a violation of federal and international law, as the immigration officers do not question migrants whether they fear persecution or torture in Mexico, and send migrants to asylum officials only if migrants independently express their fear of return.
The latter get a first asylum screening, often by phone or video, but they have to prove that they are "more likely" in Me xiko be followed. This is a higher rule than in immigration courts, where migrants are offered protection mechanisms such as access to lawyers, reading their rights and the right to persecution.
"However, the MPP does not offer any of these guarantees," the officials said.
Officials are trying to extend the program along the nearly 2,000-mile limit, giving Mexico time to expand its protection capabilities, said a senior US Customs and Border Guard official.