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US Dream Chaser Spaceplane looks a lot like 40 years of Soviet design



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The reusable spacecraft of the Sierra Nevada Corporation, which can carry up to seven crew members, and landings at space and commercial airports, he passed another NASA benchmark, bringing the cargo autonomously to the International Space Station, to set the stage for his first planned mission to the International Space Station in 2021

. Sierra Nevada has announced its dream The Chaser project has passed NASA Land and Flight Performance milestones, including the program's mission control center, flight computers and software, and mission simulator equipment.

The test will also include demonstrations of Dream Chaser's carrier capacity "high-fidelity models of the vehicle and its cargo module, which indicate loading and unloading time and efficiency," according to a press release from the company. [19659] 008] #ICYMI The NASA milestone that the Dream Chaser® probe has just passed shows that we can operate the vehicle from the ground. This includes getting critical science in and out of the vehicle. For more information on this key @NASA status check can be found here: https://t.co/n8HWWVD7Dt

– Sierra Nevada Corporation (@SierraNevCorp) March 22, 2019

John Curry, director of the SNC contract for commercial ISS 2 (CRS-2) SNC, described the exam as "a great achievement for the team" , "It can be shown that we can operate the Dream Chaser from the ground up, including critical science in and out of the vehicle."

Wikimedia Commons, Ken Ulbrich

The Dream Chaser spacecraft, pictured in Edwards, California [19659012] The company expects to make its first flight in the spring of 2021. The aircraft is to make at least six flights to the ISS aboard an Atlas V or Ariane 5 rocket to deliver equipment and supplies. sensitive materials with a conventional runway back to earth.

Soviet scientists began developing a visually similar orbital spacecraft in the late 1970s known as BOR-4 (Russian for "Unpiloted Orbital Rocketplane-4"). The project was initially to test other materials for the Buran space as a heat shield technology shuttle

Four of the BOR-4 spacecraft launched from 1982 to 1984 by the secret missile launch and development center of Kapustin Yar in the Russian region of Astrakhan were sent into orbit and returned to recovery in the Indian Ocean and Black Sea Earth Back Sea

In June 1982, Western intelligence agencies and aerospace engineers took pictures of the proto-space plane after an Australian Air Force espionage plane captured it when it was salvaged by the Soviet Navy Close to the Cocos Islands in the Indian Ocean, the photos spread rapidly in books and magazines of the Western military and space, including the publication of the Soviet military force of the Defense Intelligence Agency.

The BOR-4 itself was a continuation of an even earlier Soviet design known as the orbital aircraft project "Spiral". This project was developed in the mid-1960s in response to the Boeing X-20 Dyna Soar spacecraft and reconnaissance aircraft program.

In the mid-1980s, following the announcement by US President Ronald Reagan that Washington would seek to establish a missile defense system that could neutralize Soviet nuclear deterrence, Soviet engineers developed plans to carry up to 15 BOR aircraft nuclear payload inside the US to install Buran Space Shuttle with the system, which was intended to disable a US missile defense system.

In 2005, Mark Nevangelo, co-owner of the Sierra Nevada Corporation, traveled to Russia to meet with the engineers who worked there on the BOR-4 and told them that their Ideas in the US lived with the Dream Chaser program. According to a 2016 Washington Post report, "Sirangelo promised that on his flight, the Dream Chaser would keep a list of the names of the Russian engineers along with the NASA people who worked on the HL-20 program." 20 program that similarly uses visual, technical and aerodynamic design features of the body shape of the BOR-4.


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