US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has unscheduled and fleetingly visited Iraq in the context of growing tensions with Iran.
Mr. Pompeo canceled a trip to Berlin to meet with Iraqi leaders during a four-hour stop in the capital Baghdad
The visit came a few days after the deployment of a US aircraft carrier into the region, according to the authorities aimed at threats from US forces and their Iranian allies.
On Tuesday it became known that the US B-52 bombers in the region.
The US has given little information about the exact nature of the reported threat that Iran has dismissed as nonsense.
John Bolton, the US National Security Advisor, said only that the US acted "in response to a series of disturbing and escalating clues and warnings" announcing the posting of USS Abraham Lincoln on Sunday.
Why was Mike Pompeo in Iraq?
The US has released very few details about Pompeo's short film trip to Baghdad. However, it is known that he met with Iraqi Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi.
After meeting with reporters, he also spoke directly to the visit of the recent escalation with Iran, which Iraq sends as neighbors.
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Mr. Pompeo said he wanted to "speak with the local leadership" [in Iraq] to assure them that we willing to move on to make sure that Iraq is a sovereign, independent nation.
He also said that he wanted to help them become more independent from energy deals with Iran.
Why are the US sending bombers to the region?
Acting Pentagon spokesman Charles Summers said in a statement, that the US "will not seek war with the Iranian regime, but we will defend US personnel, our allies, and our interests in the region."
"The USS Abraham Lincoln Carrier Strike Group and a bomber task force are Disadvantages In response to signs of Iran's increased willingness to launch attacks on US troops and our interests, it was a prudent move, "he added.
Officials announced for the first time that the aircraft carrier should be sent to the Gulf on Sunday.
John Bolton, National Security Adviser to US President Donald Trump, said at the time that he should "send a clear and unequivocal message to the police." The Iranian regime that any attack on the interest of the United States or that of our allies is met with relentless force. "
What did Iran say?
Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif tweeted" the # B_Team is back "
" From announcements of naval movements (which actually took place last month) to bleak warnings about so-called "Iranian threats," he added. "If the US and its customers do not feel secure, it's because they are despised by the people of the region – blaming Iran will not reverse that." "Regularly one from the US Navy, and Bolton has just tried to talk about it."
Why is there so much hostility between Iran and the US?
The tensions between the US and Iran are on the The Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1979 overthrew the pro-Western Shah and established a radical anti-US regime in its place.
Since President Trump's inauguration in 2017, relations between the two nations have been particularly harsh.  This recent escalation occurs on the eve of the anniversary, when Trump unilaterally withdrew from a seminal nuclear deal that the US and other nations had agreed with Iran in 2015.
Under the agreement, Iran had agreed to its To limit and allow sensitive nuclear activities in return in international inspectors relief from sanctions – sanctions that have since reigned he was introduced.
And last month, the White House said it would put an end to sanctions exemptions for five countries – China, India, Japan, South Korea, and Turkey – who still buy Iranian oil
US also blacklisted the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps and called it a foreign terrorist group.
The Trump government hopes to force Iran to negotiate a "New Deal" covering not only nuclear weapons activities, but also the ballistic missile program and what the Middle East officials call "malignant." Behavior ".
The sanctions have led to a drastic downturn in the Iranian economy, which has depressed the value of its currency to record lows and expelled foreign investors and protests.
Iran has repeatedly threatened to avenge US action by blocking the Strait of Hormuz – although around one-fifth of total oil is consumed worldwide.