Six leading US Senators from all factions have made a devastating determination to hold the Saudi Crown Prince to account for the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi more than two months ago.
The proposal submitted on Wednesday states that the Senate "has a high degree of confidence" that Mohammed bin Salman "was involved in the murder".
If approved by the Senate, he would officially kill Prince Mohammed, also known as MBS, killing Khashoggi in October in Turkish Istanbul in the Turkish city of Istanbul.
"This resolution unequivocally states that the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia had been involved in the assassination of Mr. Khashoggi and a wrecking ball was the region endangered our national security interests on several fronts." Lindsey Graham, a Republican Senator and a close ally of President Donald Trump, said in a statement. [1
Saudi Arabia said the Crown Prince had no knowledge of the murder. After making numerous contradictory statements, Riyadh later admitted that Khashoggi had been killed at the consulate and his body was dismembered when negotiations to convince him to return to Saudi Arabia had failed.
Yemen War, GCC Rift
Literally In its resolution, MBS is also responsible for alleged atrocities committed during the Yemeni war that Saudi Arabia committed in 2015 through a massive bombing campaign ,
Since then, the US-backed Saudi UAE Alliance has initiated more than 18,000 air strikes, part of a war that has killed tens of thousands of civilians.
The senators urged the kingdom to negotiate directly with representatives of the Houthi rebels to end the war in Yemen.
The resolution also called on Saudi Arabia to end a blockade imposed by Qatar and three other Arab states in Qatar last June, seeking a political solution to the worst diplomatic break that could endure Gulf Co Operation Council (GCC).
The bipartisan group of senators also wants the release of the blogger Raif Badawi, women's rights activist and other political prisoners detained in Saudi Arabia.
They moved one day after some senators said there was "no chance". MBS was not involved in Khashoggi's assassination after CIA director Gina Haspel closed the door. The briefing on Tuesday came a week after US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and US Secretary of Defense James Mattis told senators that there was no hard evidence that MBS was behind the murder and urged senators to renegotiate relations with them Saudi Arabia not downgrade because of the incident. However, the CIA reportedly found that Prince Mohammed had ordered the killing of Khashoggi.
Trump has repeatedly avoided the claim that Prince Mohammed was involved in the October 2 killing, saying that the CIA has "feelings" that the king is guilty, but not a firm conviction.
Nabeel Khoury, a former US diplomat and Deputy Head of Mission in Yemen, commented on the Senate resolution, saying that the Senate is beginning to see MBS as a destabilizing influence.
"Trump has a discussion with Congress about what to do about the killing of Khashoggi, and while he was arguing with Mattis and Pompeo about the value of Saudi Arabia, the congress said to him," Nobody denies what we are doing in the direction Saudi policy has come under the MBS, "he told Al Jazeera of Washington, DC.
"They have now linked all the destabilizing actions the MBS has undertaken, staring at Yemen, killing Khashoggi on Qatar, and even on Leb over anon."
"The government will act behind the scenes perhaps, to force Saudi Arabia into some sort of acceptable corrective action, or that will worsen – ultimately, Congress, especially the House, will control the purse strings and eventually force the hands of the administration.
Is peace in Yemen within reach?
Al Jazeera and news agencies