The president and Spanish socialist leader Pedro Sanchez won the parliamentary elections this Sunday without an absolute majority, and Vox's extreme right rose and is the third force in a parliament that predicts a continuing political blockade.
With nearly 64% of the votes cast, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) of Sanchez, is the winner with 124 seats of the 350 seats of the lower house, one more than the total number harvested in the legislative process of April 28 when it was also imposed without an absolute majority.
The most spectacular ascent was carried out by Vox, who seized the crisis with separatism in Catalonia and added 52 seats, more than double the 24th achieved in April.
The Conservative People's Party (PP) also rose sharply from 66 on 83, while Ciudadanos, the formation of the liberal center-right, was pulverized after falling from 57 MPs to just 1
The radical left of Podemos gave in and stayed in 35 deputies and its splitting enters More Country with 3 deputies in the chamber.
In any case, neither for the legal bloc (PP, Vox and Citizens) nor for the left (PSOE, Podemos and Más) there is an absolute majority The picture threatens to prolong the chronic blockade that has hit Spanish politics since 2015, when the appearance of podemos and citizens ended the traditional bipartisan PSOE / PP.
Since then there have been four parliamentary elections, weak governments and little legislation in the parliament of a country that is now exposed to serious signs of economic slowdown.
This Sunday was a repeat of the elections following the failure of the PSOE, and we can agree last summer on a coalition government that would have been the first in these four decades of democracy in Spain.
– Mucha Cataluña –
"I voted right because Spain's unity and (guaranteed) pensions are the most important thing," said Rafael García, 84, referring to AFP's years in the Madrid neighborhood of Hortaleza, where many windows were decorated with Spanish flags.
One of the dominant campaigns was Catalonia, where the pulse of separatism against the state is still alive.
The temperature rose to the sentencing of nine independent leaders in October to imprisonment between 9 and 13 years imprisonment for their role in the failed Secession attempt of 2017.
The verdict sparked a week of unrest in Catalonia The television pictures of barricades burned and the police complained, leaving a balance of about 600 wounded.
"I was considering not voting again, what a nightmare! But then I would have been disgusted if I won the right-wing right." said Mari Carm in López, 25 years after Podemos cast his vote in the Sant Andreu district of Barcelona.
The main beneficiary of the Catalan crisis was Vox, a party that joined the parliament last April and chaired by Santiago Abascal, advocating "drastic solutions": overriding Catalan autonomy, banning sovereign parties and holding them Presidents of the region, Quim Torra,
The separatist parties also came out stronger as the three lists submitted added 24 MPs 48 at stake, two more than in April.
Sanchez incessantly accused PP and citizens of having "colonized" a speech by Vox, thanks to which the regions of Andalusia and Madrid govern, and the mayoralty of the Spanish capital
– A Slowed Economy –
During the campaign Sanchez fulfilled one of his promises made shortly after he took power in June 2018: removing the remains of dictator Francisco Franco from the mausoleum where he had been resting since his death in 1975.  There has been little talk about the economy despite recent signs of a weakening of the fourth power of the euro.
For example, the European Commission cut four-tenths of forecasts this week from 1.9% and 1.5% for the years 2019 and 2020.
Nevertheless, Spanish GDP growth will continue to rise above the euro-zone average.
Although the analyst Holger Schmieding of the German bank Berenberg warns that this advantage "in the coming quarters on the way to be reduced, unless it succeeds in a new government, the Catalan problem finally disable and to resume growth-enhancing reforms, which is currently "unlikely".