In recent months, they have had key roles in the crises in Peru, Ecuador and Chile; yesterday, the resignation of Morales
shortly after the boss of
Armed Forces of
Williams Kaliman he asked for the
Evo Morales "to facilitate the pacification and maintenance of stability in the country," the president resigned from his position, confirming the renewed importance of the military in the political life of
Latin America especially in the social and political crises that are spreading in the region.
In the case of Bolivia
Emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 157 & lang = DE The request from the armed forces and the police arrived after days of conflict on the streets, three dead police mutinies and the report from
Elective examination of
Organization of American States (
OAS) the information
Serious irregularities in the parliamentary elections of October 20.
The role they played in this country, however, is not exclusive: from the election of a military, Jair Bolsonaro, to the President of Brazil, to the incidents in Chile, they demonstrate their leadership in suppressing the protests of Ecuador, that the armed forces are leaving the barracks, often called to the rescue by the same civilian authorities.
This larger role will in turn support social trust in the military institution. Confidence in the military, according to Latinobarometer, is superior to any state power in almost the entire region. The average confidence in the armed forces is 44%, above that of the judiciary (24%), the executive (22%), the parliament (21%) and the political parties (13%).
In Ecuador The military leaders stood firm behind President Lenin Moreno when he announced the state of emergency. A few days later, the President of Chile, Sebastián Piñera, did the same with a dozen officers standing next to him in camouflage uniforms.
Both countries were involved in the kind of protests raging in the United States Most of the world also deployed soldiers on the streets, a shocking measure in a region that has worked hard to back its history of military dictatorship letting oneself expand Presidents have expanded beyond the countries affected by the riots against the system, suggesting that something else is at stake here.
In Peru, President Martín Vizcarra appeared with officers of the army to declare that he would not give in to pressure from the opposition-controlled Congress to leave power.
Mexico is deploying the military in its ongoing fight against drug trafficking and organized crime, saying that if it is proposed, it will be able to burn a city as it has done in Culiacán, as the armed ones Men of the Sinaloa cartel supported the security forces sent to arrest Chapo Guzmán's son. The arrest was successful, but four hours and thousands of shots later he was released.
In the case of the Venezuelan regime, the military remains loyal to Nicolás Maduro and is his mainstay.
The academics They claim that this is not a return of the army to power, as in the case of dictatorships that dominated Latin America during most of the Cold War. The growing dissatisfaction with the current political and economic situation as well as the instability of the political hierarchy are rather a contradiction that underlies Latin American democracy.
His armies withdrew from politics at the end of the Cold War, but they retained great autonomy and cultural influence. And because civilian institutions remain weak, presidents sometimes use the army to repair these institutions and strengthen their own legitimacy.
This informal pact has for the most part worked, though it has preserved a system in which weak leaders exposed to major crises are tempted to resort to the army.
However, civil unrest and political instability are causing presidents to call the army more frequently, openly and openly. increasingly tense moments.
Their intentions seem much less threatening than a generation ago: to convey the message that they have the support of a valued institution and that the army is unlikely to overthrow them. In the case of Bolivia, Morales' invacations in the army did not have the expected effect.
AFP Agency and the New York Times