Vice President Mike Pence, on behalf of President Donald Trump, had ordered NASA to take the American astronauts to the Moon for the fifth session "within the next five years." of the National Space Council on Tuesday.
Pence said current estimates that American astronauts would not be wandering on the moon until 2028 were "not good enough." In the language that echoed the Cold War, he said we were once again in a space competition against "opponents" Russia and China.
President Trump issued the Space Policy 1 directive, in which he called on NASA to return astronauts to the Moon in December 2017. When the space launch system budget was exceeded, Pence announced that NASA was trying to bring the Moon to a close even if missiles and lander are built by private companies.
Pence named a few reasons to go to the moon. Essentially, the biggest reason is that the Americans should be the best, and China has successfully launched its Chang's series of missions, including the lunar landing craft. He also cited findings from water trapped in the permanently shaded polka-dots of the moon. One man last walked on the moon in 1972.
"Let me be clear that the first woman and the next man on the moon will both be American astronauts fired from American soil by American rockets," said pence.
the fifth meeting of the National Space Council, a group that was reinstated in 2017 by Trump. The Council brings together the interests of groups working on commercial, scientific and national security space operations from a political point of view.
It is important to note that the return to the moon will be expensive – an estimate suggests $ 104 billion in 2005 or nearly $ 135 billion today. It is estimated that the Apollo missions today cost $ 120 billion. The congress provided $ 21.5 billion to NASA in 2019, more than $ 19.9 billion. The NASA budget proposed by the President foresees cuts in scientific programs such as the WFIRST Telescope and the NASA STEM Engagement Bureau, but provides more than $ 300 million for the development of a Lunar Lander
It notes the question of what this means for the future of NASA and what else is being funded to bring people back to the moon. If the situation turns out to be difficult, the president plans, as Pence said, "to change the organization, not the mission."