A musician who suffered tremors played the flute while lying on the operating table during a brain operation. Why does the musical instrument play a role in its process? Texas Medical Center )
A Texas woman played the flute while lying on the operating table during a major brain operation
63-year-old Anna Henry has hereditary disease leaves her head and hands since her childhood tremble. However, the tremor worsened a few years ago and already affected her ability to play her instrument and otherwise do simple tasks such as writing, drinking soup or sewing.
Playing the Musical Instrument During Brain Surgery
To Stop the Hand Doctors implanted electrodes in Henry's brain to control the tremors, but they also had to keep them awake during the operation so that they knew if the electrodes were working. Henry played the flute during the operation so the doctors could see the effect of the electrodes.
A video in which Henry plays the flute with no visible signs of trembling indicates the success of the operation.
Deep Brain Stimulation
The neurosurgical procedure Henry has undergone is called deep brain stimulation or DBS. It is used to improve the lives of people with essential tremor, Parkinson's disease, dystonia and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Deep brain stimulation is now also being studied as an experimental treatment for addiction, severe depression, stroke and dementia.
It is usually reserved for people who can not control their symptoms with medication.
In Henry's case, for example, the combination of beta-blockers and an epilepsy drug prescribed by her doctors no longer worked and already caused eye problems Muscle weakness
The procedure typically involves creating small holes in the skull around electrodes in to implant certain areas of the brain. These electrodes produce electrical impulses that can block abnormal signals that underlie neurological conditions.
"Why these patients have all these problems, like Parkinson's disease, is because a circuit works abnormally," said neurosurgeon Albert Fenoy of the Mixer Neuroscience Institute Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center
"By overriding this abnormal oscillating circuit with high-frequency stimulation, you can override this malfunction and train it to a normalized firing pattern. "
The amount of stimulation generated is controlled by a pacemaker-like device implanted under the skin in the breast. Deep brain stimulation is generally safe, but like most other surgeries it also carries the risk of complications and side effects that include infection, headache, confusion, seizures. Stroke, hardware complications and temporary pain and swelling at the site of implantation.