Water on the Moon will provide future settlers with all kinds of critical resources, from much-needed hydration to rocket fuel. By breaking down the bonds between the hydrogen dioxide (H2O) structure of water, scientists can create oxygen for breathing and hydrogen for fuel. But before that happens, scientists need to understand where the water is and how it is stored on the moon. To achieve this goal, researchers from the University of Surrey and the Surrey Space Center are working on cheap, miniaturized satellites to analyze the lunar surface.
Professor Craig Underwood, head of Surrey's Sensors and Platform Systems Group, spoke with Express.co.uk about Surrey's contribution to the race back to the moon.
Thanks to the Apollo program between 1
] And with NASA planning to return to the Moon by 2024, scientists are once again thrilled with the prospect of walking on Earth's only satellite.
Professor Underwood, the biggest "Game Changer" since the Apollo era, said: "Our current understanding is that the shadowy poles of the moon are likely to conceal deposits of water.
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Professor Underwood said: "The great change of the moon happened after Apollo. The results of Apollo have shown that the rocks are incredibly dry.
"The signs of water on the moon – not a direct discovery – that is the mission we are working on in Surrey.
"It is a European mission for Moon to use a CubeSat to study these regions with a laser from the lunar orbit and to truly map where these deposits are. "
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Finding and developing these lunar occurrences is a big step forward for future lunar missions.
Water and rocket fuel are too heavy to transport between them The Earth and the Moon.
The International Space Station (ISS), for example, uses every single drop of water as efficiently as possible through constant recycling.
On the Moon you have access to water reservoirs, the water can be recycled and used by astronauts a exciting views.
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For this reason, Professor Underwood is confident that the future of lunar research and beyond will flourish in the near future up to three decades.
He said, "We have water to drink, oxygen to breathe, and hydrogen to make rocket fuel. So it's the ideal place to jump off the rest of the solar system.  "So I see that I live on the moon towards the end of the 2020s and 2030s timeframes. Let's say that by 2050. "
The CubeSat mission is still in the development phase, but the university plays an important role in the design phase.
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said Professor Underwood hopefully The Lunar CubeSats is also being built in Surrey.
The mission, called the Lunar Volatile and Mineralogy Mapping Orbiter or VMMO, includes partners of the European Space Agency (ESA), the University of Winnipeg in the US, MPB Communications and others.
There is currently a possibility of a launch window between 2021 and 2022 as part of the Lunar Communications Pathfinder Orbiter mission with Surrey Satellite Technology.
Professor Underwood said, "There is still a whole world to explore. When you look down on this surface, it's a whole world out there. "