July 11 marked the 24th anniversary of the genocide in Srebrenica, the worst atrocity on European soil since the Holocaust.
In July 1995, Serbian troops systematically killed more than 8,000 Bosniak Muslim men and boys in the so-called UN-protected enclave in Srebrenica, Bosnia.
But what led to the massacre?
In the 1990s, the American Gregory H. Stanton examined the stages of genocide that eventually became his "10 stages of genocide." Theory.
Genocide is not committed by a small group of individuals, but a large number of people and the state all contribute to the genocide.
At any stage, preventive measures can prevent the situation from deteriorating further, Stanton noted. [1
Thus, Stanton's ten stages – and Halilovic's eleventh – refer to the srebrenic agony:
St 1, 2, 3 years: Classification, Symbolization and Discrimination
The idea of a Greater Serbia (including Bosnia, Kosovo, Croatia , Montenegro and other neighboring countries) dates back to the 19th century and was revived after the war Death of the Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito in 1980.
With the collapse of the communist bloc, Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic and the Serb nationalists saw a chance to mobilize the masses for the establishment of a homogeneous Serbian state.
In Milosevic's famous 1989, he spoke in Belgrade in front of a crowd and presented himself as the savior of Serbia and Europe. It enforced the term "we [Serbs] against them".
Bosniaks were usually called Turks, Balije (a bow for a Bosnian Muslim) and were branded as terrorists and Islamic "extremists".
Stage 4: Dehumanization  Many Serbs dehumanized Bosniaks and regarded them only as Muslims who posed a threat to the Serbian hegemonist project.
"To mobilize domestic public opinion against Muslims and to justify future actions against them in the eyes of Muslims Westernly, the Serb leadership needed a picture of Islam as a totalitarian, inherently violent and culturally alienated system on European soil." , writes Fikret Karcic, a professor at the University of Sarajevo, in his treatise "Distorted Images of Islam: the Case of Former Yugoslavia."
"Such a distorted image had been delivered by some influential Serbian Orientalists, the Orthodox Church and some historians."
Phase 5: Organization
A plan to destroy Bosnia and "completely eradicate" s Muslim people "was already established in the 1980s by the Yugoslav People's Army's General Staff, said Vladimir Srebrov, a politician representing the SDS party co-founded with the convicted Bosnian Serb war criminal Radovan Karadzic.
Known As the Famous According to the RAM plan, Bosnia should be broken down into a larger Serbia and a larger Croatia.
In the plan, the officers explained how artillery, ammunition and military equipment were stored in strategic locations in Croatia and Bosnia.
A secret police was planned to arm and train local Serbs to build police and paramilitary units in Bosnia Terror and panic among the Bosniak population would be triggered by rape of women, minors and even children's opaganda to dehumanize the victims and to push the opposition to the war to the margins.
In one case, when Serb forces besieged Sarajevo, the state-run Belgrade television broadcast a false story to incite hatred, including the statement: "Muslim extremists have come to torture people in the most appalling way in the world Last night they fed the Serbian children the lion in the city's zoo. "
This was reported in the evening news and watched by millions of viewers.
Phase 7: Preparation
Organized from Belgrade, Serbia. Weapons were distributed in 1990 and 1991 in Bosnia by truck to the Serbian population.
"Weapons and military equipment were even flown in by military helicopters to Serbian military officers, which means that almost no Serbian house ended up without an automatic weapon," reads a UN report from 1994.
"The pretext for the arms deliveries and the rearmament was that this for the defense against "the enemies of the people – the Muslim extremists.
Stage 8: Persecution
Throughout Bosnia, influential intellectual Bosniaks were often among the first to be listed in death lists.
When Serb troops arrived in every city, they killed non-Serbs, often after Torture: Bosniak possession confiscated.
Bosnian rape banned 50,000 Bosnian and Croat women, girls and small children from 1992 to 1995.  War crimes in Bosnia “/>
A woman walks through the cemetery in Potocari, Bosnia and Herzegovina, March 20, 2019 [Marko Drobnjakovic/AP]