The occupied West Bank was divided into three areas (A, B and C) under the Oslo Agreement signed by the Palestine Liberation Organization ( PLO ) and Israel in 1993 and 1995.
] The agreements resulted in the formation of a Palestinian Transitional Government – the Palestinian Authority (PA) which was granted limited government powers in Areas and B areas.
They were also intended to kick-start future peace talks mediated by the United States with a two-state solution as the desired target of the negotiations.
But the results of the Oslo Accords have given Israel complete control over the country. The Palestinian economy, as well as its civil and security affairs in more than 60 percent of the West Bank are designated Area C.
Despite the granting of provisional government control in the oversight of administrative and internal security affairs in parts of the West Bank, Israel maintains full control over the entire territory.
Efforts to conclude a comprehensive peace agreement over the years have proved unsuccessful. The Palestinians were given a temporary self-government authority that could not prevent the expansion of the Israeli occupation.
Annexation commitment [1
9659009] Israel has used the agreement to justify the expansion of settlements in the 1967 occupied territories, including parts of East Jerusalem, which it annexed shortly after the war with Egypt, Jordan and Syria.
The United Nations and international rights associations have condemned the settlement expansion project and declared settlements illegal under international law.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has pledged to annex parts of Area C – the Jordan Valley and the northern region of the Dead Sea. He wants to transfer Israeli sovereignty to the region, which is home to about 65,000 Palestinians and about 11,000 Israeli settlers.
The region is considered the most fertile in the West Bank and has proven to be lucrative for long-standing Israeli companies exploiting the land and resources of the area.
The annexation of settlements – and surrounding Palestinian villages – would probably mean the end of all hopes of founding a Palestinian state next to Israel.
To understand what a formal annexation would mean, a breakdown of the three areas that make up the West Bank follows: [Areas19659013] Areas A, B, and C
Today, Area A accounts for 18 percent of the West Bank. where the PA controls most matters, including internal security.
In Area B, which accounts for approximately 21 percent of the West Bank, the PA controls education, health, and economics.
In both areas, the Israeli authorities have full external security control.
This means that Israeli soldiers have the right to enter these areas at any time, usually to raid homes or detain people under the pretext of security.
About 2.8 million Palestinians are crowded in areas A and B where large Palestinians live. Cities and communities are Hebron, Ramallah, Bethlehem, and Nablus.
Meanwhile, Area C is the largest part of the West Bank and covers about 60 percent of the Palestinian territory.
It also includes the vast majority of 131 Jewish settlements in the West Bank, where more than 400,000 settlers live.
Although control of this area was to be transferred to the PA in 1999, the transfer did not materialize after the Oslo Accords and left Israel with security, planning and construction matters.
Blocking Palestinian Development
B'Tselem, an Israeli human rights group, says Israel The Israeli authorities have prohibited the Palestinians from building or even entering much of the country.
The Israeli authorities have banned the Palestinians from building homes in the area and regularly deny them permission to build. According to the United Nations, demolition orders that lead to displacement and disruption of livelihoods are not only restrictive to planning and construction Buildings, but also inaccessible basic resources such as water.
The goal is to drive the Palestinians out of the territory used for Israeli purposes.
According to B'Tselem, the forced relocation of Palestinians from the occupied territory is considered a war crime, whether directly or indirectly.
Israel's blocking of Palestinian development in the region is also due to "expulsion of large tracts of land as state land, land surveying, fire zones, nature reserves, and national parks," Rights Group says.
Israeli settlements are now being allocated large tracts of land and they are connected to advanced infrastructures such as ring roads.
Settlements in Occupied East Jerusalem and the West Bank are linked to each other and through them to Israel Only Jewish roads and highways bypassing Palestinian territories.