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What are the best skincare products for acne prone skin? Look for these main ingredients



Even though you've left your love of emo music behind in high school, acne is not always something you can say goodbye to so easily. Acne is more common in adults, with up to 15 percent of women affected.

What exactly causes acne? "When skin pores clog, usually through dead skin cells, no oil can accumulate in the pores and under the skin, creating a whitehead or blackhead," explains Dr. Viseslav Tonkovic-Capin, DermBoard.org, dermatologist and editor in Kansas City. "This is a perfect environment for [the bacteria] Propionibacterium acnes, which then blooms and causes inflammation and produces pimples."

Alison Tam, a dermatologist in Las Vegas, says hormonal changes such as perimenopause or menopause or the use of hormones like testosterone can cause acne in adults. "Acne in adults can not be the cause, which is extremely common, and can progress from just a few pimples to complete cystic acne over months to years," she says.

Ingredients That Help Treat Acne [1
9659005] Getting acne under control can be difficult, depending on the severity of your condition, but it's not impossible. Derms swear by some ingredients, the first is salicylic acid. "Salicylic acid peels the stratum corneum [outer layer of skin] and penetrates the pores to remove sebum," says Dr. Hadley King, dermatologist in New York City. "This helps to prevent the pores from clogging and can help remove any blockage that has already formed." Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid and means that it is a chemical peel. "It dissolves the bonds that hold dull, dead skin cells on the surface of the skin, so that the skin gently dissolves and a smoother, lighter skin becomes visible underneath," says Hadley. She adds that salicylic acid is gentle enough even for sensitive skin types.

The second drug that dermatologists love for acne is benzoyl peroxide. "Benzoyl peroxide is helpful in treating acne, not only because it kills bacteria that contribute to acne, but also because it helps prevent and eliminate clogged pores," says King. "Micronized formulations are helpful because they irritate the skin less and stabilize the molecule, so that the shelf life can be longer. Remember that benzoyl peroxide can bleach your clothes and towels. Therefore, it is best to use detergent with this ingredient in the shower.

An OTC retinoid may also help in the treatment of acne, says King. Retinoids regulate skin cell turnover to keep pores free of oil and inflammation. Adapalen is the first OTC retinoid and is available in 0.1% and 0.3%.


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