Even though you've left your love of emo music behind in high school, acne is not always something you can say goodbye to so easily. Acne is more common in adults, with up to 15 percent of women affected.
What exactly causes acne? "When skin pores clog, usually through dead skin cells, no oil can accumulate in the pores and under the skin, creating a whitehead or blackhead," explains Dr. Viseslav Tonkovic-Capin, DermBoard.org, dermatologist and editor in Kansas City. "This is a perfect environment for [the bacteria] Propionibacterium acnes, which then blooms and causes inflammation and produces pimples."
Alison Tam, a dermatologist in Las Vegas, says hormonal changes such as perimenopause or menopause or the use of hormones like testosterone can cause acne in adults. "Acne in adults can not be the cause, which is extremely common, and can progress from just a few pimples to complete cystic acne over months to years," she says.
Ingredients That Help Treat Acne [1
9659005] Getting acne under control can be difficult, depending on the severity of your condition, but it's not impossible. Derms swear by some ingredients, the first is salicylic acid. "Salicylic acid peels the stratum corneum [outer layer of skin] and penetrates the pores to remove sebum," says Dr. Hadley King, dermatologist in New York City. "This helps to prevent the pores from clogging and can help remove any blockage that has already formed." Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid and means that it is a chemical peel. "It dissolves the bonds that hold dull, dead skin cells on the surface of the skin, so that the skin gently dissolves and a smoother, lighter skin becomes visible underneath," says Hadley. She adds that salicylic acid is gentle enough even for sensitive skin types.
The second drug that dermatologists love for acne is benzoyl peroxide. "Benzoyl peroxide is helpful in treating acne, not only because it kills bacteria that contribute to acne, but also because it helps prevent and eliminate clogged pores," says King. "Micronized formulations are helpful because they irritate the skin less and stabilize the molecule, so that the shelf life can be longer. Remember that benzoyl peroxide can bleach your clothes and towels. Therefore, it is best to use detergent with this ingredient in the shower.
An OTC retinoid may also help in the treatment of acne, says King. Retinoids regulate skin cell turnover to keep pores free of oil and inflammation. Adapalen is the first OTC retinoid and is available in 0.1% and 0.3%.
Regardless of which product you choose, you should call it "non-comedogenic" because it will not clog your pores. A skin care routine for acne should include a gentle cleanser twice a day. "Hard cleansers can slough off too much oil and have the opposite effect of over-stimulating the oil glands," says Tam. "This can make you feel good immediately, but oily over time." After cleansing (in the morning) we recommend Tam.
Using an acne treatment like benzoyl peroxide or retinoid, you only need a small amount, about a pea size, for your entire face, says Nancy Samolitis, dermatologist and co-founder and medical director of Facile Dermatology + boutique. Because these treatments are effective, you should limit the use to once a day, advises Samolitis.
If you do not have any over-the-counter products, consult a dermatologist or your family doctor who can help you find other treatments, including prescription drugs. For adult women, birth control pills containing low-dose estrogen and progesterone are often helpful. Melanie Palm, Dermatologist in San Diego.
Are you ready to take the first step to get your acne under control? In the following, top dermatologists will present their preferred skincare products for acne-prone skin. So that the skin becomes clearer!
Neutrogena Oil-Free Acne Wash
If you need a basic facial cleanser, you can not beat it. Samolitis is a fan of the 2% salicylic acid formula, which clogs the pores and keeps them free of ache-related deposits.
Acne cleansing gel by La Roche Posay Effaclar
"This cleanser contains salicylic acid to cleanse the pores and soothe acne," says Palm. It's also formulated with lipohydroxy acid to remove excess oil from the skin and make your complexion shiny.
Acne-Free, Oil-Free Acne Cleaner
"This is an excellent benzoyl peroxide product," says King. With 2.5% micronised benzoyl peroxide it is effective and at the same time gentle. The cleaner also contains glycerine, a moisturizing ingredient. "This is a great cleansing method if you have a combination of acne with clogged pores and blackheads, as well as inflammatory acne with larger pink or red pimples."
Clarisonic MIA Smart 3-in-1 Connected Sonic Beauty Device
According to Palm You can wash your face more effectively with this sound cleaning brush. A timer tells you when to move to the next area of your face. It's also waterproof so you can use it in the shower.
Acne-Free Blackhead Removal
Charcoal and 2% salicylic acid act as a double whammy pimple and the granular texture provides a physical exfoliant to cleanse the pores. "This is an ideal detergent choice if you have oily skin and clogged pores with whiteheads and blackheads, without many inflammatory pimples," says King. It's also a good alternative to benzoyl peroxide, if your skin does not tolerate it well, she adds.
Neutrogena Clear Pore Cleanser / Mask
Dr. Emmy M. Graber, Dermatologist and President of the Dermatology Institute of Boston, explains that most benzoyl peroxide products contain 10% of the ingredient, but higher acne strengths have never been better. "Higher starches irritate the skin even more, so you should pay attention to a lower strength," says Graber, who loves this product. It contains 3.5% benzoyl peroxide and can be used as a daily cleanser or weekly mask to kill bacteria and prevent future outbreaks.
PCA Skin Smoothing Toner
Toning is not an essential skin care step, but removal can help pore clog dirt from your skin. Samolitis likes this toner because it is alcohol-free and therefore does not free the skin of essential moisture. Lactic acid and citric acid remove dead skin cells while aloe soothes them.
Dickinson's Original Witch Hazel Pore Perfecting Toner
Graber is a great drugstore pick that likes this toner because it helps control oil production. The formula is fragrance-free so it can be used by sensitive skin types.
Do not think that you can do without a moisturizer for acne. It's about finding the right one for your skin type. This product, which is especially popular with Samolitis, contains niacinamide to retain moisture and prevent excessive oil production. Cucumber relieves irritation.
Elta MD Ultra Clear Broad-Spectrum SPF 46
Sunscreen is a must have for every skin type and a great choice for acne-prone skin. Palm gushes about the non-comedogenic formula, which contains no strong moisturizers that could clog the pores. "Zinc oxide and niacinamide are anti-inflammatory and do not promote oil production," she says.
Herbivore Lapis Balancing Facial Oil
It may not seem intuitive to apply oil to your face if you have acne. What Samolitis likes is specially formulated to treat blemishes. Blue Tansy has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, minimizing redness associated with acne, while kukui nut oil balances sebum production.
Mario Badescu Drying Mask
"This face mask contains sulfur, the oldest known active ingredient to help skin inflammation," says Graber. The combination of sulfur and zinc oxide in this mask removes impurities and excess oil, while calamine and cucumber extract cool skin and ensure that you do not feel irritated afterwards.
Aveeno Clear Complexion Pure Matte Peel-off Facial Mask
According to Palm, this no-rinse mask is gentle yet effective. The ingredients include lactic acid and glycolic acid, which work against pimples and cure postinflammatory pigmentation and redness.
Avene Tricaneal Night Smoothing Lotion
Made from 0.1% retinaldehyde (a nonprescription retinoid) and soothing thermal water. Samolitis likes this treatment lotion that works against acne without irritating retinoid, which promotes the cell turnover of the skin and inhibits inflammation down to the deepest pores and prevents the formation of new pimples.
OTHER TIPS OF DERMATOLOGISTS
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