Lyme disease is an infectious disease that is spread by the ticks of ticks, with about 3,000 new cases in the UK each year.
But the symptoms of the disease can often be mistaken for other conditions, and could be misdiagnosed. 19659002] Most tick bites are harmless, but it's important to know how to handle the small bugs if you find one on the skin.
And if you think you've got Lyme disease, you should contact your doctor.
April to October is the most active time for ticks, so here's all the information you need to cross them …
What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia and transmitted to humans through the bite of infected, black-legged ticks.
There are about 3,000 new cases in the United Kingdom every year.
This is considered a major underestimate as the condition of h is not universally recognized. Ealth professionals and many sufferers do not remember being bitten, so they are often misdiagnosed.
Is it serious?
Yes. If the disease is not treated, it can lead to meningitis, heart failure, paralysis, chronic fatigue syndrome, and memory problems.
It can also affect the nervous system. In the worst case, Lyme disease can be deadly.
How do we get it?
Ticks are found mainly in woodland or heathland, but can also be found in gardens or urban parks.
Especially endangered are dog walkers, campers and hikers. The ticks climb your skin as you brush against something they are on. Then they bite their skin to feed on blood.
Pets can also carry ticks. But not all ticks carry Lyme disease.
What are the symptoms?
Some patients will notice a growing area of redness, like a direct hit on a dart board. However, other people may develop a different type of rash, or none at all.
Often the symptoms of Lyme disease can be mistaken for flu, with those experiencing fever, muscle aches, tiredness, nausea, and joint pain [19659002Someofthechildren'smostcommonchildrenalsodevelopaBell'spalsy(facialparalysis)ortinglingofnumbnessandstrongheadache
You may also notice that you are low in mood, Sleep disorders and problems with your short-term memory suffer. 19659006] How do I recognize the bull's-eye rash
The erythema Migrans rash starts at the site of the bite between three and 30 days after the bite.
It spreads slowly and can grow up to 30 cm wide. It can be warm to touch, but it rarely itches.
Sometimes, when it grows bigger, it becomes clear, so it looks like a bull's eye.
The rash, however, does not affect all those affected, so you may still have the disease. You have no rash.
What do I do if I see a tick on my body?
The best way to remove ticks is to use a specially designed hook with a narrow slot that you can buy from a vet, drugstore or pet shop.
Otherwise, a pair of pointed tweezers will work. Wear gloves to protect yourself from the disease, slide the hook under the tick at skin level so that it is gripped in the hook.
Secure the hook around the mouth parts of the tick and tighten. Do not twist or squeeze the tick. Make sure you dispose of it properly.
If you develop a rash or flu-like symptoms, consult your GP.
How is Lyme Disease Diagnosed?
The diagnosis is based on symptoms, physical signs such as rash and the likelihood of a tick bite.
Two types of blood tests are available to confirm the diagnosis, but they can produce a false negative, so you may need to retest if the symptoms persist.
Tick bites do not hurt
Can Lyme Disease Be Treated?
Antibiotics work well if the disease is detected early.
The problem is that many of the symptoms overlap with other diseases, such as MS, rheumatoid arthritis, Parkinson's disease and fibromyalgia.
How can I reduce my risk?
Wear long clothes in the forest. Some experts say that you should use insect repellent with permethrin on clothing and not on the skin.
Check your skin and the skin of your children and pets after you were outside.
Avoid long grass and prefer to sit on blankets rather than directly on grass. 19659002] If you think you have Lyme Disease, visit a GP.