With India's parliamentary elections just months away, Prime Minister Narendra Modi is under intense pressure from his supporters to punish Pakistan for a suicide attack on an Indian paramilitary convoy that has killed at least 42 troops in India-led Kashmir.
India The blame for Thursday's bombings was clearly that of neighboring Pakistan, which accuses India of supporting rebels in Kashmir, a claim that Islamabad denies.
A look at some of the retaliatory measures that India is likely to consider:
India's first public response to the attack was to grant trade status to the most favored nation (MFN) granted to Pakistan, to take all possible diplomatic steps "to ensure complete isolation from the international community of Pakistan".
New Delhi insists. Indisputable evidence that [Pakistan] had a direct hand in this cruel terrorist incident. "
The Greater Kashmir newspaper reported that the arm The Working Group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) based in Pakistan took responsibility for the attack.
Indian Foreign Ministry informed New Delhi-based diplomats from major countries, including China, on Friday Blocking the proposal in the past to arrest Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar as " The ministry called on Pakistan to "take immediate and verifiable action against terrorists and terrorist groups operating under its territorial control to create a conducive atmosphere in the region without terror". [1
Following an attack on an Indian Army base in 2016, which killed 19 soldiers, the Indian Army said they had carried out a "surgical campaign" against "fighters across the heavily militarized frontier." The region of Kashmir shares between India and Pakistan.
Pakistan dismissed reports that the Indian military had attacked "terrorist launch ramps" within Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
Islamabad said two of them were "unprovoked." "Shots across India killing the border.
Following the recent attack – the worst against Indian government forces in Kashmir's history – Modi warned that those behind would pay a high price and that security forces had been free to oppose violence
The Times of India reported on Saturday that the milit Right-wing options – just before two nuclear-armed rivals go to war – can range from "flat ground attacks and the occupation of some high places" along the line [ceasefire line] to limited but accurate airstrikes against non-state targets in Pakistani-occupied Kashmir. "
G Parthasarthy, India's Form The high commissioner for Pakistan said that a possible military response could not be publicly discussed.
"We said that Pakistan will pay a price," he said. "For obvious reasons, we will not explain how these costs would be imposed."
Paul Staniland, Professor of Political Science and South Asia expert at the University of Chicago, said the Pakistani army believed it would be attacked by Indian forces preparing for a serious invasion.
According to Indian analysts, political parties will closely monitor the public's reaction to the Indian elections. Demonstrators have already "attacked Pakistan" and fiery debates on TV stations called for retaliation.
"I think the situation is extremely tense," said Amitabh Mattoo, a professor of international studies at New Delhi's Jawaharlal Nehru University.
The mood in the country is extremely angry about what has happened and, in addition, elections are pending. No party could afford to neglect public opinion. "
Staniland said the stakes are too high for India to do anything
" Modi is in a difficult position, "he said. "The Indian forces are quite capable, but it is not clear which strikes would reach the core goal: Kashmir and Pakistan are among the few foreign policy issues that have genuine electoral enjoyment."
The parliamentary elections should take place less than two months.
The United States highlighted Pakistan's statement denouncing the attack and said it had strengthened American resolve to step up anti-terrorism cooperation with India.
To improve India's military capabilities, the US has offered to sell unarmed Guardian surveillance drones, aircraft carrier technologies and F-18 and F-16 fighters.
However, there are critical issues, including the purchase of Iranian oil by India and the Russian S-400 soil. Air missile system that could trigger US sanctions against India.
Kashmir has been a challenge for the decision makers of India de India and Pakistan since the split of the Himalayan territory, shortly after the two arch rivals gained their independence in 1947.
The territory was at the heart of two of India's wars, which fought against Pakistan and China.
Human rights groups say India has reacted to the public protests with disproportionate violence while treating the Kashmiri struggle for self-determination as a proxy war for Islamabad against New Delhi.
New Delhi initially struggled with largely peaceful protests against India.
A series of political protests blunders, broken promises and crackdowns on dissidents led Kashmir's outbreak in 1989 to a full-fledged armed rebellion against India for a united Kashmir, either under Pakistani rule or independent of both countries. Indian forces largely crushed the rebellion in the mid-2000s.
However, the conflict worsened when Modi came to power in 2014. The attacks of Hindu hardliners against minorities in India intensified the frustration and the frustration over the New Delhi rule in Kashmir intensified the frustration.
Modi's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party has strengthened its position against both Pakistan and Kashmir separatists.
Political experts say such an approach is intended to label the party as strong and uncompromising.
But Modi's Politics Has Done It also had the unintended consequence of strengthening the resolve of those fighting for an end to Indian rule in Kashmir.
View from Pakistan
After taking over Pakistan's Prime Minister last August, Imran promised to take two steps forward. Every move in India to establish friendly relations.
He said that Kashmir is at the center of their differences and that countries must not stop it-for-tat allegations.
But the peace initiative remained a non-starter, with violence in the Indian parts of Kashmir and India increasing, prompting Pakistan to cease supporting armed rebels.
Khan has now proposed to hold talks with India after his election. The former cricketer is quite popular in India.
Recently, he offered to open a religious Sikh shrine as a peace gesture on the Pakistani side of the border in Punjab province.
But in September, India pulled the plug at a rare meeting between its foreign minister and her Pakistani counterpart on the sidelines of a UN summit – a move that Khan called "arrogant" and unleashed a barrage of insults from both sides.
India says it has not seen a constructive approach from Pakistan.