They are tiny and often go undetected until they become a problem when they bite humans and animals and infect them with bacterial diseases.
Ticks are noticeable in New Jersey, especially in summer and autumn. As the number of insect-related diseases has increased significantly over the past decade in the United States, local researchers and scientists are working together to improve public safety.
"Surveillance has improved over the years, and a lot of work has been done, which is promising," said Andrea Egizi, a scientist at Monmouth County's Division of Mosquito Control. "We look at the trends of the disease over time and hope it helps doctors and others to know what to look for."
New reports from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed human cases of mosquitoes, ticks and fleas over the years increased from more than 27,000 in 201
While in almost Ticks are emerging in every part of the country, focusing heavily on the northeast and upper midwestern United States. Ticks native to New Jersey carry diseases such as Lyme, Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, Powassan and Rickettsioses.
The majority of tick-borne diseases are related to Lyme disease, which this year has so far accounted for 1199 cases. Other diseases, such as babesiosis caused by parasites, and anaplasmosis, which mimics the flu, also increase the number of cases.
Dr. Tina Tan, an epidemiologist at the State Department of Health, said the state is working with Rutgers University's District Divisions and the Center for Vector Biology to determine the size of the disease and disease in the ticks population and find out how this affects humans could affect.
Robert Jordan, "scientists who are scientists at the Monmouth County Tick-borne Diseases Program, report that scientists collect ticks that are to be tested at 19 locations across the country, and identify and test ticks that publicize the program submit. "
Field, state officials notify health care providers to increase surveillance, monitoring and patient awareness.
The New Jersey Department of Agriculture announced in May that the more exotic Longhorned Tick was found in Middlesex, Hunterdon and Union Counties this year. 19659002] The tests confirmed that no pathogens were detected in these ticks, but they are known carriers of disease in other countries (19659002) Mosquito and tick experts say that the people who should be concerned at this time of year are the common species like the black-legged and lonely star ticks that are known to transmit diseases like Lyme. An indicator of the disease is a rash or "bull's-eye" at the site of a tick bite.
While most cases of tick-borne disease can be successfully treated, the medical community has become more aware of the longer-lasting effects of Lyme disease, which can be chronic and includes joint pain, nerve pain, inflammation, fatigue and loss of muscle tone.
The good news is that tick bites and disease can be prevented, said Doug Abdilo, Superintendent of the Atlantic County Office of Mosquito Control
"For people living in development, that may not be such a big deal, though for people in rural areas or with several acres of land, they can set up a perimeter of land with woodchip and makes sure their turfs are well-kept and cut pretty low, "he said.
Homeowners can also use chemical barrier treatments to lessen their properties to ensure the presence of ticks and ensure that pets have flea and ticks collars that can not only protect the pet. "It's not about ticks being introduced into homes Pets, "says Abdilo.
Personal protection, such as the use of antibodies, the treatment of clothing with permethrin sprays, and regular tick control on the body can be done at the end of the day to reduce the likelihood of someone suffering from dentition or illness.
When a tick is removed, experts say they are using tweezers or tools that can grip the head the next to slowly pull the insect up and out
With the increase in recorded cases, Abdilo and Hendrik said other tick and mosquito experts have noticed that more people are becoming aware of the dangers of tick-borne diseases and are seeking help on how to protect themselves.
"People probably see more ticks than ever before," he said, "because I'm getting more and more people calling for ticks."