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What to Expect from the Arab League Summit in Tunis? Tunisia News



Tunis, Tunisia Eight years after "Northeast Asia and the Middle East" were sung by "the people want the overthrow of the regime", echoes of the same demand again hit waves of parts of the Arab world.

In Sudan, "Tasqut bas" (Just Fall) was the protest against the rising cost of living in December and escalated on-going rallies demanding long-time President Omar al-Bashir

And in Algeria, hundreds of thousands of people have been displacing since the end of February " No to Bouteflika ", after the country's ailing president announced that he would aim for a fifth term in the April elections.

Bending to Due to increasing public pressure, Abdelaziz Bouteflika later dropped his plan to run again. But the 82-year-old also postponed the polls and remained in office. He was furious with demonstrators who had been on the streets all the time, not just calling for his departure, but also banning the entire ruling elite.

Nevertheless, she calls politically It is unlikely that this change will be on the agenda of this year's Arab League Summit in Tunis on Sunday ̵

1; much as the regional authority has responded to the so-called Arab Spring 2011 Tunis-Carthage Airport [19659007] According to Abdelwahab el-Affendi, a professor of politics at the Doha Institute, the Arab Spring has created three major camps within the League: the dominant pro-US governments of countries such as Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates, saw the 2011 protests as a threat to stability; the pro-Iranian bloc, which includes Iraq, Syria and the Hezbollah movement in Lebanon; and those who supported the changes brought about by the demonstrations, such as Tunisia and Qatar.

"Almost all regimes are anti-Arab, not only because they are committed to foreign interests, but because they are so hostile to their own peoples – and thus to the real Arabs," said El-Affendi.

Therefore, the Tunis Summit is unlikely to discuss the continuing protest movements in Sudan and Algeria, particularly in the absence of the presidents of both countries, added El-Affendi, "except for solidarity with the regimes."

Abdullah al-Arian, a professor of history at Georgetown University, agreed, stating that the Tunis Summit was set against a backdrop of serious divisions and ongoing wars. These included the four-year Saudi UAE military campaign against Houthi rebels in Yemen – and increased repression in some countries.

"The combination of resurgent authoritarianism and destructive civil wars has led to the rejection of the basic needs of the population throughout the region, largely due to the policies of leaders assembled in Tunis," he said.

The wealthiest Arab states continue to wage a brutal war against the poorest Arab country, Yemen [Arab League]which has little credibility and has historically proven that it is unlikely that any serious action will be taken to address the region's most immediate crises , [19659013] Foreign Ministers participate in a preparatory meeting prior to the Tunis Summit [Zoubeir Souissi/Reuters]

"Festival of Participants"

Established in 1945 as a bulwark for Arab nationalism, the body was criticized over the decades as an ineffective collective The interests of the ruling elites sought to assert themselves over the legitimate concerns of the millions of people living within their borders.

The 2011 popular uprisings were once a big event A source of hope for millions of Arabs after decades autocratic rule in search of change, have largely turned against the revolutions – and in the case of Syria and Libya devastating wars.

Tunisia, the host of the 30th Arab The league summit is still the only "success story" out These days, when the withdrawal of its long – time ruler to a functional De has led democracy.

. However, according to analysts at the summit, the Tunisia model was not the model I would like to highlight.

For Sean Yom, associate professor of political science at Temple University, the summits of the body are nothing more than "a procession of participants".

"The Arab League exists because it exists to exist – that is, it's harder to break down a regional organization than to start one," he told Al Jazeera.

"It is a by-product of an era in which there was a collective threat (Israel), and on certain issues, such as pan-Arab unity and Pal Estonian justice had actually mobilized power among the Arab masses more true, "he added.

"If we define the Arab League by compelling it to promote regional cohesion and resolve disputes between the Arabs, it has clearly failed."

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Tunisian Foreign Minister Khamies Jhinaoui said in March that Syria's readmission would be in response to President Bashar al Assad's crackdown on pro-democracy demonstrators would be on the agenda of the summit ,

However, last week, US President Donald Trump had decided to officially recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights, which occupied Israel from Syria in 1967, overshadowing the possible reinstatement of Damascus.

The condemnation of Arabs and the world was swift after Trump's announcement, but analysts expect nothing but verbal denunciations in Tunis – in line with the past Arab League practices.

"The need to maintain a close working relationship with the Trump government will likely take precedence over any action," said al-A rian.

An official statement in Tunis condemning Trump's decision would have "no credibility."

"First, appeals against" international law ", given the ongoing interventions in Yemen and potential war crimes there and the Arab's impotence, will be ridiculous countries to stop the atrocities of Syria," he said.

"Secondly, other elements of Israel's aggressive stance under American support, such as the Jerusalem issue and increasingly racist jingoism, are part of the Saudi Arabian front's vision for a new regional order focused on Riyadh."

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Lower Level

While the US has controversially recognized Jerusalem as the Israeli capital and moved its embassy, ​​Saudi Arabia, a major Washington ally, has its weight behind Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner's peace process in the Middle East Thrown east, known as the "Deal of the Century".

The plan has not been published, but there is much to be suspected An unofficial and official warming of relations between the Arab Gulf States and Israel is now part of a new regional order.

In this context, according to Yom, any initiative by the League to confront Israel would require pan-Arab cooperation, that is unlikely in the current climate of geopolitical fragmentation.

Instead, it is expected that the agenda of the Arab League will remain in their usual talks, eg. For example, pay lip-service to the humanitarian crisis in Yemen without addressing Saudi Arabia, the main attacker. and the influence of non-Arab countries in the region, such as Iran and Turkey.

The summit will also discuss the conflict in neighboring Libya after UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has participated in a meeting of the Libyan Qua on Saturday – the United Nations of the African Union, the Arab League and of the European Union However, no meaningful action is expected.

For Yom, the Arab League may be useful at a marginal level.

"It allows delegations to talk through sidebar meetings," he said. "Kuwaitis, for example, is likely to try once again to convince the camps of Saudi Arabia and Qatar to dialogue [engage in]." The Palestinians are also using these summits to engage their Arab allies, despite the Israeli-Saudi The Egyptian axis, which drives the deal of the century, makes this a contentious issue. "


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