Poor diets are among the leading causes of disease worldwide, accounting for nearly one in five deaths. According to a study released on Thursday, governments and businesses have been called to improve eating habits.
Unhealthy eating, or lack of food – including infants who can not breastfeed – contributes to widespread malnutrition, the researchers said, according to the latest Global Nutrition Report.
The report is an annual independent analysis of the state of nutrition in the world.
"Diets are one of the major risk factors for morbidity and mortality in the world – more than air pollution, more than smoking." Said Jessica Fanzo, a professor at Johns Hopkins University and a lead author.
"What we eat kills us, so something has to get us back on track with our food system," she said on the edge of a global nutrition conference in the Thai capital Bangkok.
She said lack of knowledge and affordability Among the factors contributing to a poor diet are nutritious foods and inefficient supply chains.
The researchers analyzed 1
Every country struggles with some form of malnutrition – be it anemic or too short for children or women who are overweight but malnourished due to unhealthy diets – and the adolescent adiposity rate rises
Most countries probably will not Achieve nine global nutrition goals that they have signed by 2025, including adult obesity, diabetes, anemia and child health.
Progress is "unacceptably slow," warned the authors
However, there is now better and more detailed data that, according to the report, has created an unprecedented opportunity to produce effective answers.
It quoted Amsterdam as having faced a severe crisis among young people and in 2012 set up programs to prevent and treat obesity, as well as to facilitate learning and research into the problem.
Initiatives included public drinking fountains, restrictions on food advertising and instructions for healthy snacks schools. Today, the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Amsterdam is falling, according to the report.
Reducing food waste could also improve nutrition, said Sir John Beddington, co-chair of the Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition Independent Expert Group.
"More than half of the world's fruit and vegetables are lost or wasted every year," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation via email.
Fanzo found that nutrition is essential for building immunity against illness and mental illness.
"You need to take care of what people eat if you want to build the intellect of your country," she said.