Climate change is real and already affects humans.
Mike Thompson, Detroit Free Press
What will life look like after we have solved climate change? Better than today or worse? Mud huts and porridge or flying cars and the Jetsons?
Cozy apartments, good food, smart appliances, and robots hopping around farms all seem pretty likely, said experts interviewed by USA TODAY. All in all, our standard of living will be the same, but much greener and more efficient.
This view is in sharp contrast to widespread criticism from critics who oppose the global warming of the economy, suggesting that changes would destroy America's standard of living and force everyone to "live in yurts and eat tofu," like one Commentator put it.
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"Each proposed solution will simultaneously improve life and reduce carbon emissions," said Noah Diffenbaugh, a professor of climate science at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, who has testimony and scientific expertise Climate Issues Switch to the White House, the Governor of California and the US Congress Offices.
These forecasts assume that the transition to CO2-neutral energy, industrial and transportation systems will be timely to slow down and ultimately reverse the effects of global warming on the planet: rising oceans, more floods, worse storms and increased heat waves and droughts.
That means everything that happens next, according to experts, d It all depends on how fast we act. Many of these technological and policy changes are already under way, but they need to be speeded up. Today, people pour 37 gigatons of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere each year. People need to move away from these CO2 emissions over the next 20 years to avoid "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all sectors of society," according to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Suppose we have successfully accomplished this shift to a climate-neutral world, and you your children or grandchildren wake up on a fresh autumn morning between 2050 and 2100. How is the day? [19659015Imageof"TheJetsons"thefuturisticclassiccartoon” width=”540″ data-mycapture-src=”” data-mycapture-sm-src=””/>
A picture of "The Jetsons," the futuristic classic cartoon. (Photo: Courtesy of Warner Bros. Television Distribution)
When do you need the dishes?
Homes will not look too different, though homes will certainly also contain solar power if this is appropriate for the company's area. This is particularly important in hot and sunny regions of the country to reduce the pressure on power generation for cooling during the day. In California, there is already a law according to which all new homes built after 2020 contain solar panels.
The houses will still have heat and cooling, electric lights, lots of electronics and big windows. However, the systems and devices will be much more efficient and intelligent.
This shift is already taking place – today's refrigerators are 20% larger, but consume a quarter of the electricity compared to 20 years ago. The LED light bulbs you buy at the supermarket use 20% of the energy the bulbs used to make a decade ago, said Jay Apt, a physicist and professor who runs the Electricity Industry Center at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh.
When inmates get up, the house is likely to have a comfortable temperature. Real estate will probably have an oven or an electric heat pump. However, they are not used as often as apartments are much better insulated and windows remain warm and cold.
The systems used to heat buildings are likely to be different from today's. An example already used in some US buildings is preheating or cooling water when electricity is cheap, and then during the day when electricity is more expensive.
A vision of how the German city of Berlin could look like CO2-neutral. [Photo: Courtesy: The Carbon Neutral Cities Alliance.]
"It's like a radiator. In the ceiling of each floor there is a cold water-air heat exchanger, the cold water is in a row of pipes, the air flows over it and gets cold, and it cools down to cool the room, "said Apt.
After getting up, the next step might be to check the dishwasher to get a cup of coffee. The dishwasher and most appliances are probably tied to an intelligent system in your home that knows the cost of electricity at different times of the day. If the local utility company receives significant electricity from wind turbines, the cheapest electricity may be at night. If it is a solar system, it may be the cheapest during the day.
"Your dishwasher is very good at communicating with the grid and saying," OK, Mr. Smith has decided that he wants to run his dishwasher only for the price. Power consumption is less than 12 cents per kilowatt hour, so it may be Your dishwasher will run at 2:00 in the morning. "Says Apt.
Or you set an override to notify the unit, at whatever price The dishes must be cooked to dinner until 6pm on time.
Another infrastructure change is likely to be the more common use of geothermal heat pumps. These take advantage of the fact that the ground under our feet remains at about 50 degrees Fahrenheit in summer or winter.
That is, if you run pipes 6 to 8 feet under a house or dwelling house, you can cool or heat a liquid in these pipes by about 50 degrees. This liquid can then be directed to the building to bring the temperature to 50 degrees.
When it's on a cold winter's day and 20 degrees outside, the house is already up to 50 degrees and you just have to heat it's another 15 degrees to feel good. If it's a hot summer day of 90 degrees, you'll cool the temperature off without energy, Apt said.
Here a turbine, there a turbine
Coal, oil and many natural gas-fired power plants will be closed long ago. Instead, the nation is likely to be powered by a mix of nuclear, wind, solar, hydro, and some natural gas.
The power grid has been rebuilt to allow more periodic stream entries, which has the positive effect of allowing protection against physical attacks and cyberattacks.
Traveling across America will be like seeing large solar panels or wind turbines, as is common in many United States today to see drilling rigs. They could also come across large orders that extract carbon dioxide from the air and turn it into fuel and raw material for industrial purposes.
Charging the electric car. Hand of the businessman holding the electric cable to the car. Vehicle characteristics have been changed. (Photo: Getty Images)
Funny cars, fast loading
The car of the future will be electric. That's because electricity can be easily generated from carbon-neutral sources such as wind, sun, and nuclear energy. It's a change that's already going on. In Norway, according to the Norwegian Road Traffic Information Council, 58% of all cars sold in March were electric.
That's a long way from the less than 1% of cars in the United States that are electric today, but most experts assume the shift will be relatively quick. It will not be too bad, said Chris Field, director of Stanford University's Woods Institute for the Environment.
"The electric car I have now is the best car I've ever had. It's a Chevy Bolt. It is very practical, thoughtful and fun to drive. It's a really great car, "he said.
These future cars will have a range of charges that are likely to be much more than today's 225 miles, with estimates ranging from 400 miles to 2028. It's likely to be nationwide In Atlanta, new homes for electric vehicles are already being built.