Climate change is real and already affects humans.
Mike Thompson, Detroit Free Press

What will life look like after we have solved climate change? Better than today or worse? Mud huts and porridge or flying cars and the Jetsons?

Cozy apartments, good food, smart appliances, and robots hopping around farms all seem pretty likely, said experts interviewed by USA TODAY. All in all, our standard of living will be the same, but much greener and more efficient.

This view is in sharp contrast to widespread criticism from critics who oppose the global warming of the economy, suggesting that changes would destroy America's standard of living and force everyone to "live in yurts and eat tofu," like one Commentator put it.

More: 99.9999% probability that humans are causing global warming and other scientifically-based facts about climate change for Earth Day


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"Each proposed solution will simultaneously improve life and reduce carbon emissions," said Noah Diffenbaugh, a professor of climate science at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, who has testimony and scientific expertise Climate Issues Switch to the White House, the Governor of California and the US Congress Offices.

These forecasts assume that the transition to CO2-neutral energy, industrial and transportation systems will be timely to slow down and ultimately reverse the effects of global warming on the planet: rising oceans, more floods, worse storms and increased heat waves and droughts.

That means everything that happens next, according to experts, d It all depends on how fast we act. Many of these technological and policy changes are already under way, but they need to be speeded up. Today, people pour 37 gigatons of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere each year. People need to move away from these CO2 emissions over the next 20 years to avoid "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all sectors of society," according to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Suppose we have successfully accomplished this shift to a climate-neutral world, and you your children or grandchildren wake up on a fresh autumn morning between 2050 and 2100. How is the day? [19659015Imageof"TheJetsons"thefuturisticclassiccartoon” width=”540″ data-mycapture-src=”” data-mycapture-sm-src=””/>

A picture of "The Jetsons," the futuristic classic cartoon. (Photo: Courtesy of Warner Bros. Television Distribution)

When do you need the dishes?

Homes will not look too different, though homes will certainly also contain solar power if this is appropriate for the company's area. This is particularly important in hot and sunny regions of the country to reduce the pressure on power generation for cooling during the day. In California, there is already a law according to which all new homes built after 2020 contain solar panels.

The houses will still have heat and cooling, electric lights, lots of electronics and big windows. However, the systems and devices will be much more efficient and intelligent.

This shift is already taking place – today's refrigerators are 20% larger, but consume a quarter of the electricity compared to 20 years ago. The LED light bulbs you buy at the supermarket use 20% of the energy the bulbs used to make a decade ago, said Jay Apt, a physicist and professor who runs the Electricity Industry Center at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh.

When inmates get up, the house is likely to have a comfortable temperature. Real estate will probably have an oven or an electric heat pump. However, they are not used as often as apartments are much better insulated and windows remain warm and cold.

The systems used to heat buildings are likely to be different from today's. An example already used in some US buildings is preheating or cooling water when electricity is cheap, and then during the day when electricity is more expensive.

A vision of how the German city of Berlin could look like CO2-neutral. [Photo: Courtesy: The Carbon Neutral Cities Alliance.]

"It's like a radiator. In the ceiling of each floor there is a cold water-air heat exchanger, the cold water is in a row of pipes, the air flows over it and gets cold, and it cools down to cool the room, "said Apt.

After getting up, the next step might be to check the dishwasher to get a cup of coffee. The dishwasher and most appliances are probably tied to an intelligent system in your home that knows the cost of electricity at different times of the day. If the local utility company receives significant electricity from wind turbines, the cheapest electricity may be at night. If it is a solar system, it may be the cheapest during the day.

"Your dishwasher is very good at communicating with the grid and saying," OK, Mr. Smith has decided that he wants to run his dishwasher only for the price. Power consumption is less than 12 cents per kilowatt hour, so it may be Your dishwasher will run at 2:00 in the morning. "Says Apt.

Or you set an override to notify the unit, at whatever price The dishes must be cooked to dinner until 6pm on time.

Another infrastructure change is likely to be the more common use of geothermal heat pumps. These take advantage of the fact that the ground under our feet remains at about 50 degrees Fahrenheit in summer or winter.

That is, if you run pipes 6 to 8 feet under a house or dwelling house, you can cool or heat a liquid in these pipes by about 50 degrees. This liquid can then be directed to the building to bring the temperature to 50 degrees.

When it's on a cold winter's day and 20 degrees outside, the house is already up to 50 degrees and you just have to heat it's another 15 degrees to feel good. If it's a hot summer day of 90 degrees, you'll cool the temperature off without energy, Apt said.

Here a turbine, there a turbine

Coal, oil and many natural gas-fired power plants will be closed long ago. Instead, the nation is likely to be powered by a mix of nuclear, wind, solar, hydro, and some natural gas.

The power grid has been rebuilt to allow more periodic stream entries, which has the positive effect of allowing protection against physical attacks and cyberattacks.

Traveling across America will be like seeing large solar panels or wind turbines, as is common in many United States today to see drilling rigs. They could also come across large orders that extract carbon dioxide from the air and turn it into fuel and raw material for industrial purposes.

Charging the electric car. Hand of the businessman holding the electric cable to the car. Vehicle characteristics have been changed. (Photo: Getty Images)

Funny cars, fast loading

The car of the future will be electric. That's because electricity can be easily generated from carbon-neutral sources such as wind, sun, and nuclear energy. It's a change that's already going on. In Norway, according to the Norwegian Road Traffic Information Council, 58% of all cars sold in March were electric.

That's a long way from the less than 1% of cars in the United States that are electric today, but most experts assume the shift will be relatively quick. It will not be too bad, said Chris Field, director of Stanford University's Woods Institute for the Environment.

"The electric car I have now is the best car I've ever had. It's a Chevy Bolt. It is very practical, thoughtful and fun to drive. It's a really great car, "he said.

These future cars will have a range of charges that are likely to be much more than today's 225 miles, with estimates ranging from 400 miles to 2028. It's likely to be nationwide In Atlanta, new homes for electric vehicles are already being built.

Teleworking for fun and profit

The work is more integrated into the living area. But wherever it is, the office is built to very high standards to reduce waste, save water and save energy. In the United States, more than 33,000 buildings have received LEED certification, which they call highly efficient.

Not that everyone still goes to an office every day. Teleworking becomes more frequent all the time or part of the time because the tools – fast internet and good video connections – are cheaper, better and easier to use. More people will also work from municipal jobs near their home.

Large US companies are already beginning to do so. Amazon, Apple and Google have dozens of offices nationwide where people can work. So you do not have to go to Silicon Valley in California or Seattle. Many young people are already used to working in shared offices such as WeWork and ImpactHub.

From NYC to Chicago in 5 hours [19659018] For travel within the United States, a network of high-speed electric trains is likely to traverse the entire country, resulting in a fast ride, easily accessible. San Francisco and Los Angeles are three hours away by train, Chicago to New York five hours.

We still fly seats, but it will probably be more expensive than some of today's lowest prices. Jet fuel has to be very energetic, so electric planes are out of the question. Instead, they use fuel made from carbon dioxide extracted from the air or industrial gases, or aerospace biofuels made from organic wastes from garbage or residues from agricultural fields.

Both are already in use. In 2018, Virgin Atlantic flew a Boeing 747 from Orlando to London, using fuel produced in part from captured greenhouse gas emissions.

<img itemprop = "url" src = " = 180 & height = 240 & fit = bounds & auto = webp "alt =" A Virgin Atlantic VS16 flight preparing for takeoff at Orlando International Airport, Florida, on October 2, 2018. [19659063] A Virgin Atlantic VS16 flight taking off on the Prepared for Orlando International Airport in Florida on October 2, 2018. (Photo: Doug Peters, PA Wire)

Is this a robot in this field?

What is old will be new in many ways When it comes to food and agriculture, experts say, the nation's food supply is likely to be fresher and healthier, as growers and sellers can better manage logistics to minimize travel time and losses.

We eat more seasonally than We now because we pay more for energy and farmers become stronger think about water and energy consumption.

"We came into this mode, which we expect to see blueberries and oranges every week of the year. As energy costs increase in the future and water becomes scarcer, not every type of food is available at all times, "said Robert Myers, a professor of agriculture at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri, and an expert on climate change and climate change sustainable agriculture.

Not that kiwifruit in December will not be available from New Zealand or tomatoes, but they are becoming more expensive.

Amanda Little, author of the forthcoming book, "The Fate of Food: What We Will Eat in a Bigger, Higher, Smarter World," Humanity probably would probably say just like us today, but it will be produced differently and much more efficiently. [19659005] This is especially true of meat, which she predicted was either plant-based meat or meat grown in containers and identical to meat at the cellular level.

"It is very inefficient, a whole It is still going to be available what we call "artisan" or "specialty" meat, but a much larger portion of the meat industry is either out Meat is derived from plants or cells.

Little says cell-based meat is closer than we realize it had a water-based duck just last week.

It was tough and greasy, but it tasted very meaty. It was very convincing for a very early meat lab product.

The farms are likely to look the same when they drive by, but a closer look reveals differences. Older practices, such as planting clover and other winter cover crops, are more commonly used to improve soil health, to resist flooding or drought, and to reduce fertilizer needs. Complex crop rotation with the help of computers will make farming more efficient and cheaper, as they require less fertilizer and pesticides.

Wind turbines or solar panels are also likely to be built into these fields to provide producers with additional income. That happens today. Apt says many farms in the Midwest receive annual rents of $ 3,000 to $ 5,000 to bring turbines to their land.

Drones may also boom in the fields or small robots running along the rows to test soil for moisture, nutrients and plant image for weed or insect infestation. This information is automatically passed on to the farmer, who can use it to precisely irrigate and maintain each small unit of land, as needed, instead of unnecessarily wasting expensive water and chemicals.

Ranchers and dairy farmers can use similar technologies to transport their farmers cows and cattle almost daily from one paddock to another, mimicking what a herd of buffalo would have done. The intensive management of the grazing land leads to healthier land and better food for the animals, which ultimately reduces the costs.

Energy for all

The world's air and water are getting cleaner as we stop using polluting energy sources. The planet's resources will also become more equitable as carbon-neutral energy sources become cheaper and more efficient and available to people in parts of the world where energy is currently expensive and difficult to procure.

And everything is feasible, no breakthroughs required, said Stanfords Diffenbaugh. "The knowledge needed to follow this path is available," he said.


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