Pompeo will be meeting in Mexico City with a message for local leadership on the massive caravan of migrants: Stop them before they reach the US border.
The Key Questions: Will Mexico let the migrants in? And what will happen if they do it?
But government statements, Twitter posts, and even a police blockade could not stop the caravan. Thousands of Honduran migrants travel through Guatemala, according to humanitarian aid groups. And hundreds more travel through El Salvador en route to Guatemala.
They plan to cross the border of Mexico in the coming days, then further north to the United States.
A bridge over the river marks an official border crossing.
It is known that migrants encountered the river on rafts for years ̵
Mexico outlines its plan
In recent days, the Mexican authorities have shown that they have security near the southern border of the country increase. The Mexican Federal Police released a video of officers marching in the border state of Chiapas, some with equipment for riots.
• Anyone with a valid visa will be able to enter and move freely
• Anyone recognized as a refugee or as a beneficiary of "complementary protective measures" wants to be, must do this individually. Those who do this will be held "at a walking station" for up to 45 working days.
• Anyone who "enters in an irregular manner" will be "rescued and subjected to an administrative procedure and, if necessary," returned to their country of origin in a safe and orderly manner. "
This seems to be a departure from previous policies, where humanitarian visas or transit visas were issued, and migrants were given the option to continue their journey north if they did not want to apply for asylum in Mexico.
This past In the spring, when another caravan of Central American immigrants entered Mexico this policy of the group to push forward to the US border.
An "almost impossible" situation
But there are still many unanswered questions about how this will actually affect once a large number of migrants arrives . A complicated mix of pressure incriminates Mexican officials, ie e decide how to handle it.
"It's a very difficult situation for the Mexican government," says Ana Maria Salazar, a former security officer for the Pentagon analyst in Mexico City
"It's a situation that is hard to solve for Mexico at the time" Salazar told CNN en Español Thursday.
Among the factors in the game:
1) President Trump
Trump sat on Thursday on the role of Mexico and tweeted that he cares more about the caravan than about the recent renegotiated North American trade agreements Mexico and Canada. And he threatened to send in troops to "shut down" the southern US border if Mexico did not stop a so-called "onslaught."
If Trump withdraws from the trade agreement or closes the border, it would have economic consequences for both countries. If Mexico eventually opposes the caravan, this would be seen as a coup for the government in the United States – especially among Trump's supporters – and would talk about how successful the building of bridges with the Mexican government has been [1965-90] ] as Trump continues to boast of building a boundary wall.
But in Mexico, where protesters were already marching in support of the approaching Honduran migrants, the withdrawal to US pressure would not be nearly as good.
2) Migration on both sides of the border
It is important to remember that Mexico is not just about people coming to the country, says Salazar.
There are also Mexican immigrants living abroad, many of whom are undocumented.
"Just as Mexico treats the undocumented Central American immigrants, Mexico's position influences how the US government can criticize its treatment of undocumented Mexican immigrants in the United States," Salazar told CNN en Español.
3) A Presidential Transfer
But Peña Nieto is a lame duck, with less than two months in office. (19659007) His successor, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, takes office on 1 December. During a presidential debate, Lopez Obrador hinted that his government would stop doing "dirty work" for the United States by arresting Central Americans migrants. He said Wednesday that his administration will offer work visas to Central Americans.
"Anyone who wants to work in our country will get support, will have a work visa," he said. "We will not focus on the problem only with deportations or violence."
Journalists Michelle Mendoza and Merlin Delcid contributed to the report.