<img src = "https://media.npr.org/assets/img/2019/07/12/gettyimages-1151323539_sq-ddf125f6032bb4ed4acb026a06266a6305e09dc7-s100-c15.jpg" data-original = "https: // media .npr.org / assets / img / 2019/07/12 / gettyimages-1151323539_sq-ddf125f6032bb4ed4acb026a06266a6305e09dc7-s100.jpg "class =" img lazyOnLoad "alt =" How Mexico is tightening immigration enforcement to meet Trump's needs According to the The White House and other US sources familiar with the plans, the travel ban is the most explosive option of three, which the government is considering against the Central American nation, Trump accused Guatemala of withdrawing from an immigration agreement with the United States.  "If Guatemala does not take any significant action to protect our borders, we will, of course, consider all kinds of solutions to the severe crisis." We face the question, "a White House official told the NPR," whether e s is a travel ban, significant transfer and / or tariff measures. " Classes of people if it is considered to be detrimental to national interests.
Trump said Wednesday that the United States was planning "tough" measures against the government of Guatemala after breaking a deal with the United States to serve as a safe third country.
One of Trump's strategies to reduce the number of border crossings is to persuade them to cross the border e asylum procedures outside the United States. Guatemala was especially important for this strategy. The agreement would have obliged migrants who traveled through Guatemala to seek protection instead of traveling to the United States.
This month Guatemala's Supreme Court prevented its government from signing the agreement with the United States. Trump said he did not believe that the court was independent of the Guatemalan government and that the United States would take action.
"We are seeing something very serious about Guatemala," Trump said Wednesday as he left the White House for a fundraiser in West Virginia.
The White House did not provide any specific details on the implementation of the travel ban, for example, whether it applies to all Guatemalans or only to certain groups.
But officials are seeking the same powers to control US borders that Trump quoted when he entered the country shortly after taking office several predominantly Muslim countries.
According to a provision of the Immigration Act, the Congress has granted to the President the comprehensive authority to "indefinitely block the entry of a class of foreigners into the United States", of which he or she believes they are "injurious to" the interests of the United States.
Jessica Vaughan, political studies director of the Center for Immigration Studies, who regularly speaks with the administration, said the situation was "out of control"
"The President is frustrated that Congress and some Judges in the courts block his efforts to tackle the border crisis and that his options are limited. He is therefore ready to push the envelope to get results, "she said.
Trump threatened with similar threats against Mexico if it took no major steps to halt the migration
This spring, Trump threatened to impose new tariffs starting at 5%, which would rise to 25% against a government in Mexico. The influx of migrants into the United States has not been stopped.
Trump abandoned the threat when Mexico agreed to step up patrols at the border.
The Guatemalan Governme There was no immediate answer to questions about the possibility of a travel ban.
A Mexican immigration officer checks Guatemalan migrants' identity papers that arrived in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico on Monday.
Alfredo Estrella / AFP / Getty Images
Alfredo Estrella / AFP / Getty Images
A Mexican immigration officer checks Guatemalan immigrant ID papers that arrived in Ciudad Hidalgo, Mexico on Monday.
Alfredo Estrella / AFP / Getty Images
But Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales said in a statement that the government was aware of the possible measures the Trump administration could take and accused the country's court of damaging the government's "good relationship" with the US ,
"All this jeopardizes the bilateral relationship with the United States, which will lead to possible sanctions," Morales said on social media.
A fee or tax on transfers from Guatemala could be devastating for the Guatemalans economy. Guatemalan nationals living abroad returned US $ 9.5 billion in 2018, representing 12% of GDP in the country, according to the World Bank. Most of the money comes from the USA.
It's not the first time Trump has come up with the idea of targeting referrals. As a candidate, he promised that Mexico would pay for a wall along the US-Mexico border without ambiguity or nuances, and suggested a six-step plan.
"On the second day, Mexico will protest immediately," wrote the campaign in two steps -page briefing. "They receive approximately $ 24 billion in remittances a year from Mexican nationals working in the United States, most of which comes from illegal aliens."
Legal Challenges Expected
Like the previous Trump government bans against several majority Muslim nations, any action against Guatemala will likely trigger a lawsuit.
But this threat will likely not affect Trump. He reminded a group of conservative youths on Tuesday that his government had finally won the nearly one and a half year lawsuit over a revised version of this first travel ban before the Supreme Court.
"People do not realize it" We have won the ban, "said Trump on Tuesday.
Leon Fresco, who served as deputy deputy attorney general for the Office of Immigration Disputes in the Obama administration, said the Trump Government is likely to face a major legal challenge if it wants Block Guatemalans to do legitimate business in the United States.
"There will be complaints because the standard for a travel ban is that you have to prove that the entry of law-abiding Guatemalans would affect the interest of the United States. "Fresco said," And the President will not be able to prove that law-abiding Guatemalans operating in the United States trade and commerce in any way affect the interests of the United States. There is no security threat from Guatemala to the United States. "United States."
The White House official emphasized that the Trump government would simply use the long-standing powers of many previous administrations to prevent citizens of some countries from to enter the United States.
In 1986, President Ronald Reagan imposed a ban on Cuban nationals and, in 1988, certain Nicaraguan officials for "unjustified expulsion of the US Ambassador and seven other US diplomats from Nicaragua." The governments of Clinton and Obama have also prevented some foreigners from entering the US
. However, immigration specialists like David Bier of the Cato Institute argue that no president has applied the provision to the same extent as Trump.
"No, a previous ban ever referred to several nationalities at the same time," Bier told NPR. "And only a single earlier ban in 1986 contained a whole nationality, and that only for a few months, which would be a much wider application of the no-trip regime we saw from any previous president."
US sources familiar with the government's plans to crack down on Guatemala warn that nothing is final until Trump signs the paperwork. But they say the plans showed that Trump's comments were not just a threat after Guatemala left the business.
"It's not like a glimmer in the eyes of anyone. It's in work," said a source familiar with details of some of the referral plans. "This is not just a random comment by Trump, it reflects the policies they want to implement."