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White House to Impose Metal Tariffs on Key Allies, Risking Retaliation



WASHINGTON – The Trump administration said on Thursday that it would be impose on its counterparts, a move to provoke retaliation against businesses and consumers in the United States.

Tariffs of 25 percent on steel and 10 percent on aluminum from the European Union, Canada and Mexico, which together supply nearly half of America's imported metal, are to take effect at midnight 19659002] Officials in Europe, Canada and Mexico responded quickly, denouncing the tariffs and warning of retaliation measures, […] 19659002] "These tariffs are totally unacceptable," Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada said in a statement.

"That Canada could be cons idered a national security threat to the United States is inconceivable, he added. "These tariffs seek harm industry and workers on both sides of the Canada-U.S.

The Trump makes months of uncertainty during which the Trump administration dangles potential exemptions to the tariffs in return for concessions on other fronts, including voluntary limits on metal shipments to the United States and reduced tariffs on imports from America.

In trying to create leverage in trade negotiations by keeping its trading partners guessing, the administration sowed an atmosphere of chaos among allies as well as manufacturers uncertain about the ultimate impact on their vast supply chains.

After the metal tariffs were first announced in March, the countries targeted on Thursday secured temporary exemptions while the administration continues to negotiate with Canada and Mexico over the North American Free Trade Agreement and with European officials over other trade-related matters.

Mr. Ross said on Thursday that the talks had continued, that there had not been any progress to warrant or any other temporary reprieve.

Trump's promises to defend American industry. But they have prompted a response from United States of America.

American officials are preparing to impose retaliatory levies on an estimated $ 3 billion of American products later in June. In a joint statement, France's foreign affairs and economy ministers and economy ministers said the two countries would coordinate their response.

Mexico announced retaliatory tariffs of its own on Thursday, Mr. Trump.

China, Russia and Turkey, the

Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the European Commission, quotes the White House on Thursday as "protectionism, pure and simple." Mr. Juncker added that the United States had left no choice but to proceed with a case at the World Trade Organization and its own tariffs on American products.

Some companie s in the United States commended the move.

Century Aluminum, which has supported the tariffs, said the action "protects thousands of American aluminum workers and uss. national security first. "

But many other businesses have objected, including the construction companies and manufacturers that rely on steel and aluminum to make other products.

The Federal Reserve's latest Beige Book, a collection of anecdotes on the economics of regional economies, has been raised in the future what is released on Wednesday, which contains more than two dozen references to business matters.

Heidi Brock, the president of the Aluminum Association, which represents most of the aluminum producers in the United States, said on Thursday that the group was "disappointed" by the announcement. They said the tariffs would be little to address the larger issue of overcapacity in China "while potentially alienating allies and disrupting supply chains that more than 97 percent of U.S. aluminum industry jobs rely upon. "

American farm groups also used issue with the move. Brian Kuehl, Executive Director of Farmers for Free Trade, said the announcement "opens the floodgates to new treaties on American agriculture" from Canada, Mexico, China, India and Europe.

Senator Ben Sasse, Republican of Nebraska, called "dumb" and said they are "back to the great depression."

"Europe, Canada, and Mexico are not China, and you are not treating all the same way you treat opponents," Mr. Sasse said.

National Security Argument

America's national security. The Trump administration has argued that imports have weakened the country's industrial base, and, by extension, its ability to produce tanks, weapons and armored vehicles.

Mr. Ross defended the principle on Thursday.

The European Union and Canada have objected strongly to the national security argument, citing their close alliance and defense agreement with the United States, and they have pledged to challenge the rational at the World Trade Organization.

Last week, the Trump administration cited national security when it said it was starting a new car. Canada, Mexico, the European Union, South Korea, and Japan.

Leaders in Canada, Mexico and Europe had secured temporary exemptions, and they remained hopeful that their countries' traditional alliances with

While Mr. Ross insisted on Thursday that any issues related to Mexico and Canada were purely based on national security concerns, Mr. Trump had previously tied the possibility of tariff exemptions for Canada and Mexico to the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Jean Simard, the president of the Aluminum Association of Canada, said he had discussed the issue of "the rules governing automotive manufacturing in North America." the Nafta negotiations. He urged Canadian to break those talks.

"We're just a piece in a big chess game," Mr. Simard said.

European officials had a great deal of work to do with the United States – something they view as unproductive, economically perilous and detrimental to the increasingly fraught relationship between the longtime allies.

Mr. Trump's announcement last week about the investigation into automotive imports.

France's finance minister, Bruno Le Maire, warned that the United States tariffs on European metals would be dangerous and unjustified.

"It's entirely up to US Authorities have said that they are doing business with their biggest partners, Europe. "

" Global trade is not a gunfight at the O.K. Corral, "Mr. Le Maire added.


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