Almost every twentieth adult in the US uses e-cigarettes, according to a new study.
Doctors and scientists from several US institutions have investigated the users of e-cigarettes in America. The study published in Annals of Internal Medicine on Tuesday found that over 10.8 million US adults use e-cigarettes.
"The use of electronic cigarettes is also closely linked to other high-risk behaviors." Michael Blaha, senior study author and head of clinical research for the Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease in Baltimore, said Reuters . The most common application pattern in the US is dual use, i. H. The current use of both conventional cigarettes and electronic cigarettes.
The researchers also found that more than half of e-cigarette users are under 35 years old. Smokers of traditional cigarettes, people in their twenties, people who are unemployed, and people who are part of the LBGTQ population are more likely to use e-cigarettes.
"It becomes clear that certain vulnerable groups are the most at risk of adopting electronic cigarettes," Blaha said. Many of the e-cigarettes contain nicotine so that they can be addictive to people who use them. In addition, even if they contain no nicotine, the flavor and other ingredients used in the liquid for evaporation can cause respiratory problems. Recent research has shown that Vaping can damage lung cells that fight bacteria there.
E-cigarettes have been used more frequently in people with respiratory disorders, asthma, cancer or heart disease than those without these problems. The researchers responded to responses from more than 467,000 adults, which allowed them to narrow the usage statistics to those specific groups, especially those who identify themselves as LGBTQs.
"Why LGBTQ adults tend to smoke cigarettes is a complex issue, but these individuals have a higher prevalence of other substance use disorders and mental health (diagnoses)," Dr. Nancy Rigotti, director of the Tobacco Research and Treatment Center at the Massachusetts General Hospital and a professor at Harvard Medical School, Reuters . "Tobacco use is high in adults with these conditions and this undoubtedly contributes to the increased tobacco consumption among LGBT people." This use has also been transferred to e-cigarettes.
Of bisexual adults, nine percent were e-cigarette users, while seven percent of lesbians and gays were current e-cigarette users 8.7 percent of transgender people. However, the largest group of users were current smokers or those who had recently quit.
The data in this study were collected from patients and were not verified by medical records, nor did the researchers know which e-cigarette participants used them or which liquids they exhaled. Therefore, further investigations are required.