In April 1815, Mount Tambora exploded in a massive eruption, killing tens of thousands of people on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa. The following year became known as the "Year Without a Summer," when unusually cold, humid conditions prevailed in Europe and North America.
The immediate effects of the volcano led to mass destruction. The eruption, the streams that came from it, and the tsunamis that followed, destroyed homes and claimed 1
"The eruption of Mount Tambora in April 1815 was one of the most explosive of the last millennium," said Andrew Schurer, senior study author and research associate at the University of Edinburgh School of Earth Sciences. "It had a huge impact on the ground and devastated the island of Sumbawa."
The enormous amount of material expelled from the volcano added to the global effects that followed.