Higgs boson, the once theoretical particle that supports our best scientific model of the universe, was first forfeited – and that's great news, because it means that everything we understand about our physical world is always still valid.
The discovery of the Higgs boson in 2013 provided support for the Standard Model of particle physics. It describes three of the four fundamental forces in the universe – the strong force, the weak force, the electromagnetic force, and the gravitational force – and explains how matter interacts. While we are incomplete, we understand best how the universe works.
By observing the decay of the Higgs boson, scientists have more evidence for the standard model.
Scientists working on CERN's Large Hadron Collider announced the announcement in August 28. In a statement, they said that six years after their first discovery, it was observed that the particles had decayed into fundamental subatomic particles, the bottom Called quarks. This observation is in line with what the researchers had predicted: "[It] is in line with the hypothesis that the all-pervasive quantum field behind the Higgs boson also gives ground to the lower quark," CERN said. [1
To detect the decay, the researchers had to filter out the "background noise" of other bottom quarks produced by proton-proton collisions. After doing so, they had to extract the signal of the decaying Higgs boson by combining data from the two LHC runs, and after careful analysis by two separate teams, they confirmed the observation.
Ec Khard Elsen, CERN's director of research and computing, said: "The experiments continue to participate in the Higgs particle, which is often viewed as the gateway to new physics. These beautiful and early achievements also underscore our plans to modernize the LHC to significantly improve statistics. The analysis methods have now shown that they achieve the precision required to explore the entire physical landscape, including hopefully new physics so hitherto subtle.
Using a more robust standard model, scientists can answer basic questions about the universe Stephen Sekula, a Southern Methodist University physicist who worked on the CERN project has said, "What we have achieved is that we have crossed the frontiers of technology in both computer technology and electronics, just to make that observation, we know that it is still being revolutionized by fundamental curiosity, why that Universe is as it is.
"What we will get from all these experiments is the honest answer, I do not know, but based on the history of science it will be incredible."