After two years of drumming, Donald Trump's "Ultimate Deal" for Israelis and Palestinians is nearing the entry of his architects into the pre-launch phase.
The US President has announced the peace plan His team – two former private lawyers and his son-in-law Jared Kushner – will be ready to be unveiled at the end of January.
Despite the anticipation of Trump's proposals for solving one of the world's most persistent conflicts, an even more important plan for the region is already being implemented locally: an attempt to strengthen the hand of Israel while weakening that of the Palestinians.
The US has gradually implemented the main demands of Israeli right-wing lobby and drastically shattered humanitarian aid for the Palestinians, declared the embattled city of Jerusalem the capital of Israel, closed the Palestinian diplomatic offices in Washington and closed its own consulate, that we serve st Bank and Gaza.
For Palestinians ̵
Trump has repeatedly said the measures should force the Palestinian leaders to dismiss him as a biased mediator – in a peace effort. Trump has also said that Israel has "to pay a price for peace," although this was not stated.
The Palestinian leaders have answered that there is no real plan for a just solution. "It's really a lie," said Hanan Ashrawi, a high-ranking Palestinian politician. "Everyone is working on this fictional concept. [The US] became partners with Israel and implement Israeli politics. All we see is unilateral action by the US and Israel. The reality on the ground is now being developed.
A State Department official said it was "a high priority" to reach a comprehensive deal, but that would be "hard". While they would not comment on the details of the plan, which is still under preparation, some aspects become clearer.
First, unlike US-led US leadership, it was the Israelis and Palestinians who determined the details. The Trump version is likely to be much more specific and compliant. In essence, there will be a number of suggestions that critics claim will focus heavily on Israeli demands, based on their authors' political views.
For example, Jason Greenblatt, who heads Trump's team after being promoted from chief to government Legal representative of the Trump organization has broken the US precedent to say that Israeli settlement construction in the occupied West Bank – under international law illegal – does not constitute an obstacle to peace.
US Ambassador to Israel, David Friedman, a bankruptcy attorney who also worked for Trump's firm, has further supported his support for Israeli settlement construction and even the annexation of Palestinian territory. Second, the US will only press the two sides to accept the agreement. This means that the plan may collapse. "The parties must decide if they believe the plan will work for them and improve their lives," Greenblatt said. "The parties are the only ones who can make these compromises."
Critics say it is becoming increasingly apparent that those who draft the plan may not even bet on achieving their goals, which are already being enforced on the ground become.
Trump's team will know that from the perspective of Israel, there is very little appetite for peace compared to the past. A poll in August found that only 9% of Israelis wanted their government to set priorities for reaching an agreement with the Palestinians in 2019.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who is well aware of the public sentiment as an electoral approach, has not said so See "Any Urgency" on Trump revealing his peace plan. His former Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman became even clearer when asked about a peace agreement that could lead to a Palestinian autocracy: "I'm not interested in a Palestinian state," he said. Justice Minister Ayelet Shaked said she will tell Trump that the plan is a "waste of time".
A European diplomat in Jerusalem told the Guardian on the condition of anonymity that it was "quite possible that we could reach the end of Trump's presidency without proposals [peace].
Predicted with little success, the Palestinians will become two Options offered: Accepting a plan that has been drafted for their cause by the least open-minded US government since the beginning of the peace efforts, or with punitive measures if the plan is inadvertently rejected, the status quo in which Israel remains its occupation of the
However, US officials insist on real peace efforts, and the three main architects – Greenblatt, Friedman, and Jared Kushner – all come from a business background, and their position was to defend the United States To treat conflict as a deal They encourage them to convince a side that has historically prioritized policy issues, such as the right of refugees to return to their homelands or call Jerusalem their capital.
"There is no reason why the Palestinians (in both countries of the West) Bank and Gaza) can not have economic success and integrate into a thriving regional economy – if they let us help," the trio wrote in a Washington Post.
Trump also views negotiations as transactional He must force the Palestinians to reach an agreement by weakening their hands through cuts in aid The President referred to his Declaration of Jerusalem as a "chip" that
In a message sent to other high-level officials a year ago on cutting funds for the UN Agency for Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA), Kushner internally wrote e-mails from Foreign Policy: "Our goal can be not to keep things stable and the way they are … Sometimes you have to risk strategically to get there. " Shortly after Greenblatt was named last year, Tania Hary became the executive director of Gisha, an Israeli non-profit organization that promotes Palestinian freedom of movement, saying that her office began receiving phone calls from his team in which she asked questions about the economy in Gaza, which has been under Israeli blockade for ten years.
Greenblatt does not cite the blockade as a reason for the cruel humanitarian situation in Gaza, but focuses on the rulers of Hamas and the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank, which has blocked f unding to the enclave.
"At the time, I got the impression that I was approached by business people who thought they could solve a problem from a business perspective," Hary said.
"They have realized that there are barriers to growth, which included restrictions on movement and access," she said, adding that the problems in Gaza can not be solved by referring to it from the West Bank and Israel keeps isolated.
But then they stopped calling, "I'm not sure if that [message] was done."