Then, on Tuesday, Ms. May won against amendments aimed at bringing Britain closer to the European Union, but only after some questionable parliamentary maneuvering by the heads of state
Kenneth Clarke, a pro-European conservative legislator. English: www German: www.germnews.de/archive/gn/1999/11/16.html The former cabinet minister told the BBC that the parliament is "going mad in July" – the season of summer drinks when the plots are traditionally at their zenith. But he added, "I've never seen it go that crazy."
Ironically, Mrs. Mayay's predecessor's Brexit referendum, David Cameron, was called to end the division of the Conservative Party in Europe. This receded as senior figures, including Mr Johnson, advocated leaving the union, securing the benefits of Britain's economic relations with Europe, closing free trade agreements around the world, the money it was sending to the European Union to retain, take control of the entire immigration policy.
Theoretically, Ms. May does not need to negotiate a full trade plan to avoid the edge of the cliff and enter a transitional period where things would remain the same between the Brexit deadline of March 2019 and the end of December 2020. Britain could use this extra time to do the rest.
But to get there, she needs a withdrawal, and that's difficult. Europeans refuse to sign an agreement unless they guarantee that there will be no hard border between Northern Ireland, which will leave the European Union, and Ireland, which will remain a part of it. Ms May rejects any agreement that would severally divide Northern Ireland from the rest of the United Kingdom.
The Ireland problem, in turn, leads to a broader question of what type of access a post-Brexit Britain might or may not have, if we have the single European market.