US space researchers have put together exactly how much money they have spent on the purchase of "seats" for Soyuz vehicles, as their partners SpaceX and "overpaid" Boeing have not met the deadlines for NASA's manned space programs.
Over the past two decades, NASA spent $ 3.9 billion on transporting 70 astronauts to and from the International Space Station (ISS) on Soyuz spacecraft, the agency said in its audit report released on Thursday Space Shuttle was to bring the crews to the ISS, but the program ended in 2011 after two of the orbiters exploded in the middle of the flight and killed a total of 14 people. The Russian-made Soyuz vehicles have since become the only means of transport for NASA.
The agency remains determined to conduct manned flights sometime in the future without the help of Moscow itself. However, the promising projects in collaboration with Boeing and Elon Musk's SpaceX have turned out to be "several years after the planned deployment date," NASA said.
"Both contractors have a variety of technical and security issues that need to be resolved before the ISS is released for crew transportation," wrote the Agency's Inspectorate General, arguing that NASA actually spent $ 287 million on the Preparation of manned missions had been provided by the ISS.
The US company received this high sum for "additional flexibility" to accelerate the production of its Starliner crew vehicle, as NASA hoped to fill a gap However, the Inspector General of the Agency has labeled such issues as "unreasonable" .
could instead have saved up to $ 144 million by " simple changes " made on the starliner's take-off plan and more seats were bought aboard Russian spaceships.
Boeing and SpaceX received a total of
nearly $ 7 billion since 2014 from the US Space Agency to end dependency on Russia's spacecraft. However, there has been little success as both companies have experienced test margins that significantly slow down their progress.
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