Wrong smile does not always improve the mood: shots
The idea that one can be happy is lasting.
In the 19th century Charles Darwin was one of the first to find out what modern scientists have developed into the "hypothesis of facial feedback". That's the idea that smiling can make you happier and frown sadder or angrier – that changing your facial expression can reinforce or even change your mood.
Dick Van Dyke sang about this phenomenon – and Nat King Cole too. And it is still being taught in psychology lessons today.
But researchers now find that this phenomenon may be more complicated than they previously thought. A recent study examining some 50 years of data, including the results of nearly 300 experiments testing the theory of facial feedback, found that smile only marginally increases happiness.
After all the numbers added up Researchers say their results suggest that when 100 people smile – otherwise they're all the same – only about seven are likely to feel happier than if they did not smile.
The study also examined the effects of a range of other facial expressions, including the scowling face and frown, and tried to achieve more Understanding is generally how positive facial expressions cause positive emotions and negative facial expressions cause negative emotions.
In any case, "the impact was extremely small," says Nick Coles, a social-psychological Ph.D. Candidate at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, who led the study. The findings, published in the June issue of Psychological Bulletin, are part of a debate that has lasted "for at least 100 years – since the onset of psychology."
This debate over the question of whether simply moving the facial muscles into the shape of a smile can make one feel happier. It has become particularly hot in recent years. In another study published in 2016, 17 laboratories around the world failed to repeat a groundbreaking study that originally revealed a link between smile and emotion. You are often angry or irritable; you may be depressed “/>
In this original study published in 1988, it was found that people who were said to hold a pencil between their teeth forced their face into the shape of a cartoon-rated cartoons more compelling than those who held a pencil between their lips to make a pouting face. The participants did not notice they were smiling or pouting – they believed that they were trying out methods that disabled people used to write that they were actually smiling, "says Coles.
So it was a big blow than so many labs got the results When the researchers in Israel re-ran the experiment in 2018, they were able to replicate the results – as long as the participants were not observed or filmed.
"It gets complicated," says Paula Niedenthal, a psychologist at the University of Wisconsin. Madison, who was not involved in recent research.
Part of the reason for the different findings may be that there are many different types of smiles, says Niedenthal "Not every smile is a true smile of joy."
Some smiles are sarcastic – more like a Læc Some smile smiling. Others easier. There are subtle differences in the dynamics of each term, and they are difficult to replicate in a lab – with or without the help of a pen.
In addition, most laboratory studies have shown that smiling does no harm. Recent research has shown that it can be detrimental if you force your facial expression over time in the form of a smile.
For example, another study published this year revealed that service staff felt compelled to hit a smile for customers throughout the day who had a higher risk of heavy drinking after work. This may be because angry employees who are forced to smile are unlikely to wear a real, happy grin, the researchers say.
"We should at least continue to work on this area," says Niedenthal. Overall, cumulative research seems to show that facial expressions have some impact on emotions. What remains to be done, she says, is to filter out the mechanisms and subtleties.
In the meantime, you may want to hold back and ask people to frown, Coles advises.
"Because I know when I'm sad and people tell me to smile, that only makes me angrier," he says. And as far as the research results prove, "the smile will not make any significant difference in your life".