Just a few months earlier, he was named Secretary-General of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), the country's most powerful position. Now he had a second term as President of the Nation and secured the abolition of the term limits for the post, which enabled him to rule for life. Only two members of the National People's Congress voted against the change from 2,980.
Nine months later storm clouds gather.
China's economy has stalled in the face of ongoing US Secretary of Commerce Donald Trump's trade war, and tensions with Washington have spread to political and military issues.
There were even rumors that Xi himself was being criticized behind closed doors "I do not think Xi's position is in any way in danger, but he has many enemies and critics, and his collapsing relationship with the US is a stick, they can use. "
beat him, "said Richard McGregor, senior executive of the Australian Lowy Institute, to CNN.
Unfortunately for Xi, trade issues may well come before his perhaps most important year.The Chinese leader must meet a number of critical and controversial deadlines At the same time, the clock is ticking on its truce with Trump during their personal talks in early December in Argentina, which had only two months left to complete the divide
Xi's handling of events in 201
Every ten years a Rei creates important or controversial anniversaries a perfect storm for Beijing.
For Xi and the Communist Party, the 70th Party The anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1 represents an important opportunity.
The Party will celebrate both its economic success and its unexpected longevity surpassing the lifespan of the Soviet Union, the former communist superpower that collapsed in 1991 after 69 years.
Rana Mitter, director of Oxford University's University China Center, told CNN that Beijing will focus on glorifying the situation in the run-up to the Jubilee leaders of the communist revolution.
"Xi will seek to tie his current achievements to her legacy," he said.
This year also marks the 100th anniversary of the May 4 student protests in China, which were mainly a reaction to the Allied betrayal in the country's Versailles treaty after the First World War – but the Communist Party now claims to be a precursor to their own creation.
Anniversaries for the Chinese government are not just related to festivities and ceremonies. They are often used as highly symbolic milestones for progress or new policy.
"There is a sense that there is a settlement will be a calculation of how the first 70 years have passed, and plans for the next 70 years, "said Mitter.
Not all important dates next year will be the occasion to celebrate – there are some Xi, ie e would rather forget the world.
June 4th marks 30 years The Tiananmen Square massacre in Beijing, which in 1989 may have claimed thousands of civilian deaths following protests by democracy throughout the city.
There are few sensitive events in China and no one on the mainland will seize the opportunity publicly. Any attempt to do so will be quickly stopped.
"As in recent years, most of the evidence of the event is causing the censors to break up and possibly even lead to arrests," said Jeff Wasserstrom, Professor of History at UC Irvine, CNN.
"While images of a man standing in front of a tank line are shown and described in various newspapers outside the mainland, even the word" today "can be treated as subversive content on the Chinese Internet."  A Chinese man stands alone to block a number of tanks on Beijing's Cangan Blvd heading east. on Tiananmen Square on June 5, 1989. "src-mini =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/181226050357-01-tiananmen-square-file-restricted-small-169.jpg " src-xsmall = "// cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/181226050357-01-tiananmen-square-file-restricted-medium-plus-169.jpg" src-small = "http: // cdn. cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/181226050357-01-tiananmen-square-file-restricted-large-169.jpg "src-medium =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/181226050357-01 -tiananmen-square-file-restricted-exlarge-169.jpg "src-large =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/181226050357-01-tiananmen-square-file-restricted-super-169. jpg "src-full16x9 =" // cdn.cnn.com/cnnnext/dam/assets/181226050357-01-tiananmen-square-file-restricted-full-169.jpg "src-mini1x1 =" // cdn.cnn. com / cnnnext / dam / assets / 181226050357-01-tiananmen-square-file-restricted-small-11.jpg "data-demand-load =" not-loaded "data-eq-pts =" mini: 0, xsmall: 221, small: 308, medium: 461, large: 781 "/>