What share of the population is directly affected by the opioid epidemic? What does an addict look like? How many overdoses began with painkillers and not with recreational use?
This story is part of Your Voice Ohio a collaboration between WYSO and more than 30 other news organizations around the state to hear about the opioid epidemic and community members affected by the addiction crisis.
Many sufferers affected by addiction and opioids told us they wanted to know more about the demographics of the crisis.
Over the past year, we've accumulated a great deal of data to learn more about how opioid crisis looks like in Ohio, which communities are most affected and how we can help. We believe that reliable data can lead to reliable solutions.
A 2013 A study examining heroin data nationally (including those with and without treatment) found that nearly 80 percent of heroin users prescribed prescription opioids prior to heroin.
Of all unintentional overdose deaths in Ohio in 2016, 20.6 percent had an opioid formulation in the last 30 days
In 2015, national prescription rates were 5.52; Ohio's prescription rate was 5.34
The districts in Ohio with the highest opioid prescription rates were:
Sandusky (1965) , 87)
– Summit County (6.60)
Fortunately, prescription rates for opioids in Ohio have declined.
Rates have declined for the fourth year in a row in 2016, according to the State of Ohio Board of Pharmacy. Between 2012 and 2016, the total number of opioids given to patients in Ohio dropped by 162 million doses or 20.4 percent.
To compare lethal unintentional overdose rates with prescription rates, click here and go to the map at the bottom of the page. To see changes in prescription rates over time and at state, county, and postal code levels, click here.
Based on data from 2016, Cuyahoga County had the highest lethal unintentional overdose rate in the state.
Next were Montgomery, Franklin Hamilton and Summit County
Of those who died from an accidental overdose in Ohio, men make up 67.2 percent.
In addition, nearly 40 percent were between the ages of 45 and 64; and 35 percent were between 20 and 34 years old.
Demographics of the race overdose deaths in Ohio and national, are mostly white.
See more data and graphics of your Ohio voice here.
—  Your Voice Ohio is holding community discussions in Dayton, Middletown, Cincinnati, Wilmington, and Washington Court House in February 2018 to discuss with residents about solutions to the opioid crisis. “/>